Questions and Answers

2017

  • Question
    So I've been cleaning some side brush in my yard, trying to get rid of some invasive species taking over. This plant popped up, as I started opening it up to sun, I believe it is a smilax lasioneura but I don't believe they are native to Maine, although I doubt somebody would've planted it. What is this plant? Thank you in advance
    Answer
    Dear nikkigreen, there are no images associated with your question. Without those I won't be able to assist you. If you are having trouble posting images, feel free to attach them to an email and send them to ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I can try to assist you further.
  • Question
    I realize this isn't a gardening website, but I am in search of some sort of perennial plant that spreads. Specifically, I'm trying to find something (other than grass of course) that is capable of quickly crowding out weeds so they don't grow. The weeds I'm dealing with have huge taproot systems and they are quite troublesome and no fun at all to dig out. I was going to try creeping thyme but I'm not sure about it. Do you you know of something that could help?
    Answer
    Dear Kaimarag93, it is difficult to suggest the appropriate plants without knowing what part of the world you live in and what the site conditions are like. For many sites in New England, the following native plants can be used to cover areas and keep the non-native species back a bit: Anemone canadensis, Dennstaedtia punctilobula, Podophyllum peltatum, Rhus typhina, Asclepias syriaca, Eurybia divaricata, Eragrostis spectabilis, Solidago canadensis, Solidago rugose, Rudbeckia hirta, Onoclea sensibilis, and Matteuccia struthiopteris. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I found this in my backyard in Rhode Island and I believe it is curly dock. Can you confirm?
    Answer
    Dear jphonor, unfortunately, I can't confirm this for you. There are 18 species of dock in New England and I need a habit shot (the entire plant) and the mature fruit (your plant isn't quite ready yet) to be able to tell you the species name with confidence. That all written, your plant is likely Rumex crispus (curly dock). Best wishes.
  • Question
    This plant was at my new home in Dekalb Illinois when I moved in. We have a creek running through our back yard. There are several of them, so I am guessing that they spread?? Can you help me identify it please? Thank you!
    Answer
    Dear Pwelland, thank you for posting the image, but I'm unable to tell you what the species is without flowers and/or fruits. You are located far enough away from my region of expertise that I will need the reproductive parts of this plant to help you. If you can get additional images when it flowers, I will try to assist. Best wishes.
  • Question
    If you get two questions about this plant, please forgive me. This was taken near Albany NY in July. I thought it was Cowbane (Oxypolis rigidior) but I can't find it on your site. Do you have an ID for me? Thanks,
    Answer
    Dear Auntie, you plant is Valeriana officinalis (common valerian), a non-native member of the Caprifoliaceae. It will have rank smelling flowers and roots. Best wishes.
  • Question
    The last couple of years I've noticed what appear to be mutant flowers on Black Huckleberry at Quincy Bog Natural Area in Rumney, NH. The plants have plenty of healthy/normal looking flowers, but then I see something like the attached flower. Does someone there have an explanation for this?
    Answer
    Dear gdewolf, I do not know for sure what is causing the unusual flowers. There is a fungus that infects this and a related genus (Exobasidium vacinii) that may be causing the flowers you are viewing. Thanks for posting the image.
  • Question
    Eric Larson of the Marsh Botanic Garden at Yale identifies this as Liquidambar styraciflua 'Rotundiloba" - the seedless sweet gum!
    Answer
    Dear DavidBlair, it may well be that species--if this person is knowledgeable in cultivated plants you should go with that source. This website and my expertise are restricted to wild plants of the northeastern United States. I cannot see the images clearly enough to identify leaf arrangement. Thanks for sharing your results. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hi-I have this flower which looks like a violet of some sort but I've never been able to identify it. I live in central vermont, and it's only found in this one little cluster in my lawn. Dry area in the grass, Colonizes a bit every year, starts blooming late May, I'm in zone 4-5.
    Answer
    Dear Lscharf1, you have photographed Mazus miquelii (creeping mazus), a non-native member of the Phrymaceae. I would be interested in learning if these were planted (to your knowledge) and how "manicured" the lawn is. You can (if you would like) email me at ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org to reply. This species has not been observed in VT before outside of cultivation. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello, I'm wondering about the difference between Viburnum oculos and trilobum? I realize that I may of never taken enough notes/photographs of the following species to identify it properly. It was located along the edge of a freshwater marsh in Southwestern, NB.
    Answer
    Dear Danielle88, there are no images attached to your question here, so I won't be able to help you with the identification of a certain plant. If you are having trouble posting images, feel free to email them to ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I can try to help you. These are all one species, distinguished as two subspecies: one native to Europe (subsp. opulus) and one native to North America (subsp. trilobum). They are only distinguished with confidence by the morphology of the petiole glands (see the distinguishing features listed on the Go Botany website).
  • Question
    A friend told me this giant beautiful bush in yard was poison oak or sumac. I live in Delaware but I'm guessing you can identify it -- hoping so! I live a mile from the Delaware River. Our area gets flooded often. I'm doing a 100-day art project (photos/sketches) on Instagram to learn the plants in my neighborhood but this one has stumped me. I'm so glad I found your site. I'll be posting the link on social media and sending it to all the friends I've bugged about this plant. Thank you!
    Answer
    Dear jazztizz, your plant looks like a species of Ampelopsis (peppervine). In our part of the world, Amur peppervine (Ampelopsis glandulosa) is the most common species with lobed leaves. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I live in Midwestern USA, this is growing next to my house among a huge clump of nasty weeds. Doest appear to be a displeasing plant so I was thinking about transplanting. Can you identify this, and is it a weed or wildflower or something else?
    Answer
    Dear Kaimarag93, Your plant is Securigia varia (crown-vetch, also known as Coronilla varia in some manuals). It is native to Europe and is widely planted to stabilize soils and prevent erosion.
  • Question
    This is a shrub which is floppy and maybe around 4 feet high in Maynard MA in a dry area in full sun. It was recently under a Norway Maple which was removed recently. There smaller plants that are spring up nearby. Thank you
    Answer
    Dear carolynn, the shrub you have pictured looks to be a species of Swida (dogwood). The apically dilated style suggests this is Swida amomomum (silky dogwood). This species usually has brown pith on the two-year-old branches (as a way of confirming this hypothesis). I am assuming this is a wild plant that was not planted in a cultural setting. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I identified the flower on the left as Centaurea montana (Bachelors-button) several years ago but now am not so sure. The flower on the right is surely Centaurea montana, and they look very different. The individual flowers looks more like those of a blue "ragged-robin".
    Answer
    Dear DavidBlair, those are two different species. The first (more compact) image may be Centaurea cyanus (garden knapweed, sometimes called bachelor's-buttons). The second image is likely Centaurea montana (mountain knapweed), but I can't see the involucral bracts around the base of the flowers to help you know that with confidence. If you can take a side-view image I can assist you more.
  • Question
    Sweet-William catchfly (Silene or Atocion armeria) ? The Peterson guide mentions "black sticky zones" on the stem of the Sleepy catchfly. I zoomed in on the first photo and see those zones and even what looks like a fly stuck to one - just above the center of the photo. The pink flowers grow above a basal rosette; leaves are opposite; found in New Haven, CT. PS The bachelor's button flowers just posted grow in Harrisville, NH (first) and in an "urban pasture" at Yale, New Haven, CT.
    Answer
    Dear DavidBlair, your plant does look like Atocion armeria (sweet-William-catchfly). The particular shade of red in the flowers, short pedicels, and the glabrous calyx are some of the features that help identify this species.
  • Question
    This tree, perhaps an exotic, grows in the Marsh Botanic Garden of Yale University. The leaf suggests maple but the branching is definitely alternate. It is not a tulip tree. What is it?
    Answer
    Dear DavidBlair, good morning. I can't identify your tree with confidence because this individual could come from anywhere in the world, long distances from my region of expertise. That written, it looks like Acer campestre (hedge maple), a species that is naturalized in some parts of New England (i.e., has escaped cultivation). You might examine some web images of that species to see if you believe it fits your tree of question here.
  • Question
    As a land trust biologist, I was asked to identify the attached flower. The observer states that it is about the size of a dime, and that no vegetation was apparent. The flower was found between a barn and house in Denmark, ME. Thanks in advance for the ID!
    Answer
    Dear PMiller, I would like to help you but without any images of the leaves or the general habit of the plant, I'm unable to assist you. With such an image, I can't identify the leaf type, arrangement, or margin (for examples). Is it possible to get additional images of the plant? If so, you can post them here or email them to ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I can try to help you with your identification question.
  • Question
    This was found in the Helderberg Escarpment near Albany NY. I'm wondering if it is another example of a Christmas Fern. Thank You,
    Answer
    Dear Auntie, yes, your plant is another individual of Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern). Your have photographed the reproductive leaflets near the apex of the leaf blade.
  • Question
    This tiny succulent plant was found in the Helderberg Escarpment, NY. Since it doesn't have a flower at this time I haven't been able to find it. I thought you might have better luck. (i.e. more experience) Thank You
    Answer
    Dear Auntie, your plant looks like Sedum sarmentosum (stringy stonecrop), one of the few species of stonecrop in the eastern US with whorled leaves. It will have yellow flowers when it matures if this hypothesis is correct.
  • Question
    This is planted in a tiny flower circle in central Connecticut. Please help identify. Many stalks/stems together, 18-24" tall. No flowers just yet? June 8, 2017. Hope it is a flowering plant? It's in a shaded side yard, but doesn't mean it was properly planted. I can tell they are there deliberately, because they only fill half of the circle. The roots grow sideways in the dirt. Help pls. I'm desperate (I have to keep tags on my plants, whereas previous owners did not leave info.) Thx.
    Answer
    Dear Dnv373, your plant may be Artemisia vulgaris (common wormwood), a member of the aster family. If you look on the undersurface of the leaves, you should see gray-white hairs that discolor the lower surface. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Found in a cow pasture in Edgartown. Siliques up to two cm long with two rows of seeds. Plants up to about 3' tall. Stems with very fine pubescence. Tap root.
    Answer
    Dear gregorypalermo, Your plant is likely Descurainia sophia (fine-leaved tansy-mustard), a species with finely divided leaves as you have photographed. This species is known from human-disturbed habitats here and there throughout New England.
  • Question
    Hello, I'm wondering if this is Mirianthemum trifollium? I discovered it while exploring a disturbed bog (powerlines, all-terrain vehicle paths) in southwestern, Nova Scotia. Thank you.
    Answer
    Danielle88, yes, your plant is Maianthemum trifolium (three-leaved false Solomon's-seal). It is a characteristic plant of peatlands and swamps with an organic soil horizon. Best wishes.
  • Question
    This plant has come up along with many poppies I started from a bag of mixed poppy seeds in my garden in Indianapolis. It is now over five feet tall and blocking the view to the rest of the poppies. I'm hoping it might be a prickly poppy, but when answering the plant identifier questions I came up with a field sow thistle. Neither plants' stock pictures seem quite right. Any help would be greatly appreciated! Pull it or leave it?
    Answer
    Dear Sdixon00, your plant is likely Lactuca serriola (prickly lettuce), a wild plant that can be found in human-disturbed habitats. It will exude a white latex from any wounds that are made. Best wishes.
  • Question
    The photo that you identified as Nabalus reminds me of this, taken a month ago in Antrim, NH, just as the first herbs were emerging to carpet the woods. Is it also Nabalus?
    Answer
    DavidBlair, yes, those leaves also belong to a member of the genus Nabalus (rattlesnake-root). The white latex that will exude from a small tear in the leaf will help you confirm these when they are small. Best wishes.
  • Question
    These two photos were taken 13 seconds apart in mid June, in Peterborough, NH. Is there a spiraea with this maple-like leaf? (clearer in second photo)
    Answer
    DavidBlair, your plant is likely a cultivar of Physocarpus opulifolius (ninebark), a member of the Rosaceae that is related to Spiraea (meadowsweet). While native at the western edge of New England, this plant is cultivated throughout the region.
  • Question
    a small group of us amateurs were in the woods north of Boston with our ID books, but were unable to do much with these two. The first one looks like sassafras except that this part of a small group of herbaceous plants, no higher than this one whorl. The second one appears to be suffering, but in my mind, maybe its bloodroot. Hope they look familiar to you. - Bruce
    Answer
    Dear brucepiper40, both of the leaves are the same genus (believe it or not)--Nabalus (rattlesnake-root). They can even be the same species, but we would need flowers/fruits to tell you which species. If you tear a small portion of this leaf, you will note a white latex will exude from the wound (helping you to confirm this genus). Best wishes.
  • Question
    This shrub was near Hinesburg VT. I thought it was a Viburnum, but after checking the photos of each species I'm confused. Thank You,
    Answer
    Dear Auntie, good morning. Your shrub is a species of Swida (dogwood). Note the arcuate veins on the leaf blades. I can't tell you which species of Swida you have without a few additional photographs (or pieces of information), such as the leaf arrangement, the color of the 2nd-year branches, and a close-up of the flowers. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello! I found these proliferating in a meadowy area of what was once a farm (now a park) in southeastern Connecticut in mid-May. I have not had much luck identifying them. They look like a vetch, but I've never seen any vetch this wacky-looking before.
    Answer
    TheBrassGlass, good afternoon. There are no photographs associated with your question. If you are having a difficult time posting questions, please feel free to attach them to an email and send them to ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I will try to help you.
  • Question
    I am still trying to identify the many species around our southern NH home. The white trumpet-clusters(they're 3-4" long) seem to be on a vine. The small clustered white flowers are popping up in a damp bed abutting a low area. And the 3rd is in a flower bed but can't figure out what it is. The leaves are ominous. I can't imagine what the large buds will become.
    Answer
    Dear nancyQ, I'm not sure I can help you with these species because they are cultivated (or at least that is my assumption based on you noting the "damp bed"). The first species with larger white flowers appears to be something in the Caprifoliaceae (honeysuckle family), the second with the flower bud is unknown to me, the last appears to be Maianthemum canadense (Canada-mayflower). Sorry I cannot be more helpful, but cultivated plants are another realm of expertise from wild plants. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Anyone know what this plant is or is it a weed. It appears every year and I usually pull it out thinking it's a weed.
    Answer
    Dear marcolfifi, I can't help with you with confidence because I don't know what part of the world your plant is originating from. Location is a very important part of the identification process because it narrows down the possible choices of what can be found in a certain place. Your plant looks like Phytolacca Americana (American pokeweed), which would have white flowers and dark purple fruits later in the summer. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello. I encountered this small, but striking flower in West Newbury yesterday. It was growing roadside on the edge of a meadow in a partially wooded area. Also blooming in the same area were Wild Geraniums and Dame's Rocket. The plant was about 1.5' tall with opposite, lanceolate leaves at about 5" intervals along the stem with about a 30 degree rotation of each pair. The way each petal was divided was particularly striking.
    Answer
    Dear chaffeemonell, your plant is Lychnis flos-cuculi (ragged robin lychis), a non-native plant of low meadows, shorelines, and ditches. It can be quite abundant in some locations in New England. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello. I just moved into a new home in Colorado (elevation 5,000 ft). There is a small area of these plants in my backyard. They are positioned in a more shady area underneath some small trees. I am really hoping that this is not poison ivy. Please help me identify these. Thank you!
    Answer
    Dear bostonz6, Your plant is likely Aegopodium podagraria (bishop's goutweed), a non-native member of the Apiaceae (celery family) that is commonly planted near homes. It is not Toxicodendron (poison-ivy), so you can be comfortable with whatever you decide to do with this plant (keep or remove). Best wishes.
  • Question
    I was told this is a Ornamental Mulberry, but I can't find any information on line. It's about 6' tall. I am in Northwest Ohio
    Answer
    Dear Peacockmoon, your plant is not a species of mulberry (genus Morus), a plant that has very different flowers (without showy petals) and different leaves that are not nearly as cleft. I've shared your image with the staff to see if someone does recognize this plant. If anyone recognizes it, I'll send you an email. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I am having trouble identifying this plant. It's located in lower michigan and in a wooded area. Help?
    Answer
    Deear Katcas09, you've photographed a species of Galium (bedstraw). I can't see the number of leaves per whorl well enough to tell if this is Galium aparine (scratch bedstraw) or Galium triflorum (fragrant bedstraw). If you are able to get clear images of the leaves at some nodes, I could help you further. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I've discovered a shrub at Quincy Bog Natural Area in Rumney, NH that I can't identify. Leaves are alternating, shiny, and lanceolate. Flowers are small, white, and trumpet shaped and the flowers appear in threes with the flower stalks dropped over the leaf axil. 2 photos are attached.
    Answer
    Dear gdewold, your plant is Elaeaganus umbellata (autumn-olive). If you examine it closely, you will see silver scales on the underside of the leaf that create the shiny aspect of the leaves.
  • Question
    Yes, sorry I didn't include the location as it was clearly required. This is the first time I've seen this plant and was very surprised at the size of it, with it being at least 2 feet tall. It was located in Southern Ontario along the Niagara Escarpment in a open area. I thought it was comfrey. The stems are very hairy and angular.
    Answer
    Dear janforster, thanks for the location information. Your plant is likely Symphytum officinale (common comfrey). It has ridges of thin green tissue down the stems from the leaf bases that help to identify this plant. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Mystery plant on the Satchel Moll power dam trail, between posts two and three. Location: http://www.openstreetmap.org/#map=19/41.77521/-72.90697 . Angelica atropurpurea, purple-stemmed angelica, great angelica?
    Answer
    Dear davidreik@comcast.net, you do appear to have Angelica atropurpurea. Beautiful photographs, thank you for sharing them.
  • Question
    can you tell me the name of this plant please
    Answer
    Dear deb123, you appear to have photographed a species of cactus, but I don't know what part of the world you are living in. Location is very important and helps narrow down the choices of possible identifications. Please be aware that Go Botany is a website dedicated to wild plants of New England. While we are happy to entertain any plant related questions, plants from distant regions may be outside of our expertise. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I'm having trouble finding resources on this apiaceae. It has taken over a lot of my yard this spring (in so. NH). Too early to see any type of flowers, but is clearly parsley family. It doesn't show any of the danger signs i.e. no purple at all and has hairs you can see 10ft away. looks to be basal at the moment I see no branching. The stalks have a curious open "C " shape, all along them. like a very thin celery. If this is a Q.A.Lace, then they have the biggest taproot I've ever seen on them
    Answer
    Dear lordarchery, I can't identify this plant with 100% confidence from the images attached, but you do appear to have photographed Daucus carota (wild carrot). The pale taproot you photographed can be bruised and it will yield a distinctive carrot odor if this hypothesis is correct. Daucus carota is a common weed of early successional habitats and would be expected to be found in a tilled garden setting. When flowers/fruits appear, we can confirm this if you would like.
  • Question
    I'm trying to idntify this plant that appeared in one of my raised beds that I grew some veggies and herbs in last year in MA.
    Answer
    Dear Janis, your plant looks like Artemisia vulgaris (common wormword), an aromatic species (when the leaves are crushed) that is common to disturbed soils. The undersides of the leaves should be very pale with gray-white hairs (I simply cannot see this feature in the photograph you've taken). You can confirm the identification by looking for those pale undersurfaces of the leaves. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hi my name is Christine and over a few years now i have found a small flower - pant under my apple tree. It is just a light green stem, with a cluster of red/orange berries in a lollypop shape. would you contact me. Thanks in advance. Christine. wolvesinthepark@aol.com
    Answer
    Dear kris42, I can't help you with your image. I don't know where in the world this photograph was taken, and location information is critical for plant identification. It is possible these are the fruits of a species of Arisaema (Jack-in-the-pulpit), but you would have seen leaves associated with it prior to this time. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I believe this is a sedge. It is a prolific volunteer in my yard and I enjoy its filling in where i have removed grass. I would like to know what it is. Thank you. Concord, MA
    Answer
    Dear llsrvd, Your sedge (genus Carex) in the image is mature enough to supply a hypothesis about its identification, but the image is not close enough for me to see the details I require to help you. It looks like a member of section Laxiflorae, but I'll need better images to help you.
  • Question
    I have another sedge, just one individual, in another part of my yard where I believe the soil is not very good. I am interested to know which one it is. If better pictures of specific aspects of these 2 sedges would help, please let me know. Concord, MA
    Answer
    Dear llsrvd, I can't help you with this sedge identification at the moment because the plant is still quite immature. I would like to help, but will need images of the plant when the perigynia (fruiting structures and associated bracts) are well formed. If you are able to get an image of the plant intact and some of the flowers/fruits taken apart on a sheet of paper (or some flat surface) that would be useful to me. Best wishes.
  • Question
    The pictured fern was found in a damp woodland near a seasonal stream, near Albany NY. I am also wondering if I could be seeing both Phegopteris species (P. hexagonoptera and P. connectillis) in the same general area? Thank You,
    Answer
    Dear Auntie, you fern is Polysticum achrostichoides (Christmas fern), a species that is very common in forests, especially on rocky slopes. Yes, the two Phegopteris species can grow in close proximity to each other. Best wishes.
  • Question
    This bright orange flower has popped up this year growing amidst a grassy field in Concord, MA. I'm guessing its a non-native species. It looks a a bit like a wild mustard. The plant has alternate leaves on a stem that ends in a stalk with multiple small flowers with 4 petals (each petal just under 1cm in length). Thank you : ) I'm having trouble uploading images and will email
    Answer
    Dear pguiney, there are no images uploading for your question. If you are having trouble uploading them, feel free to attach them to an email and send them to ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I can try to assist you.
  • Question
    I think this Hudsonia from a fire lane in the Manuel Correllus State Forest on Martha's Vineyard is H. ericoides. The pedicels are up to 6 mm long. The leaves are up to 4 mm long. Is the pubescence of the leaves abundant enough to make one consider the possibility of Hudsonia x spectabilis? Thank you.
    Answer
    Dear gregorypalermo, given the length of the pedicels, your plant is likely Hudsonia ericoides. The hybrid would have shorter pedicels based on the contribution from Hudsonia tomentosa.
  • Question
    Hi there! I'm new in the area and was intrigued by these plants. Would you mind identifying them? Many many thanks in advance!
    Answer
    Mountaindreams, Unfortunately, I'm not sure what area you are referring to that you are new in. Location is a really important piece of information for plant identification. I will do my best to examine your images, but without knowing where in the world they were photographed, it is likely I will not be able to identify some of them. 1. a species of crustose lichen. 2. Trillium undulatum (painted wakerobin). 3. possibly a species of Prunus (plum/cherry). 4. A species of Amelanchier (shadbush), likely Amelanchier bartramiana (mountain shadbush). 5. a species of Abies (fir). 6. A species of Sphagnum (peat moss). 7. Trillium erectum (red wakerobin). 8. Viburnum lantanoides (hobblebush).
  • Question
    I have seen this plant on our property in Cabot, Vermont and have been unsuccessful in identifying it. I see it in a small stream, as well as in a wetland area. I've seen it in the same area as Marsh Marigold. The plant seems to have basal leaves and one stalk with multiple flowers. Can you help identify this? Thank you.
    Answer
    Dear radirlam, there is no image associated with your question. Without that it will be very difficult for me to assist you. If you are having trouble uploading images, feel free to attach them to an email and send them to ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I will try to help you with your question. Best wishes.
  • Question
    This tiny flower is growing in several places in our wet yard near Albany NY Thank You, Ruth
    Answer
    Dear Auntie, your plant looks like Veronica serpyllifolia (thyme-leaved speedwell). This is a common member of the genus that is found in human-disturbed habitats.
  • Question
    May I send a photo of a plant/tree that is spreading all over my property? I'd like to get rid of it but the root system is endless & annoying. Thank you😃
    Answer
    Dear Karen, if you are having trouble posting images, feel free to attach them to an email and send them to ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I'll try to help you out. Please be sure to include location information. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Last message locked up on me. I have this plant that comes back every year...same spot..not sure what it is. Could you help identify? Not sure if it is a weed or what? Thanks..Mark
    Answer
    Dear tke735, without knowing where this image was taken, I'm unable to help you. There are upwards of 500,000 species of plants in the world (far too many for anyone to know or remember), and location helps to narrow down the possible choices to sort through. If you are able to grab an image of the plant in flower (it looks like its starting to bud now), I can help you or direct you to someone in your part of the world who can. Best wishes!
  • Question
    In my planter, I sowed Sweet William seeds..but this is what came up? Doesn't look like the seedling pictures I have seen on line? Did I waste my time? Should I start over, cause I am not sure what this is. Thanks again, Mark
    Answer
    Dear tke735, those seedlings are definitely something other than a species of Dianthus (the genus Sweet William belongs to). It might be interesting to allow them to grow up and identify what they are, but that will be up to you. If you decide to let them grow, send me another photograph and I'll try to help you with you. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Most of our phlox leaves have a distinctive marginal vein and grow in opposite sets of two. Each set is rotated 90 degrees from its neighbors above and below on the stem (decussate). Recently I observed what looks like the identical plant growing in the same group, but with three leaves per node instead of two. These sets of three are also rotated relative to each other, but by 60 degrees. I also have one plant with single leaves arranged alternately. Is this common? Mark M, Singers Glen, VA
    Answer
    Dear mminton, good afternoon. You are photographing more than one species of plant. Note that in your first image the species has whorled leaves with three leaves at each node. IN the other images where leaf arrangement can be observed, the leaves are alternate (only one leaf per node), though the leaves are crowded so that they superficially look as if they are whorled. You will find that when these species flower, they will be different and I can help you more then. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello, I'm in SE Mass. Swansea. My first query is about the tree in bloom. Birds love the red berries in fall. The other tree has very few leaves, very old. Not sure if it's native.
    Answer
    Dear Butterfly, the shrub with white flowers is Lonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle), a non-native shrub that can be very invasive in regions of North America. It is unfortunate because it is very beautiful. I can't help you with the tree because the photograph is too far away. If you can take a close-up of the leaves, bark, etc., I may be able to help you. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello, I was hoping to get a more positive ID on a plant I've seen growing in patches throughout the woods, south of Concord, NH. I've always been lead to believe it is pipsissewa. Just found a patch in a deeply wooded area along the Merrimack river. I found that most descriptions online don't match up 100%. Not much teeth on the sides of the leaves and a purple-red on their undersides. Are there any look-a-likes I should know about?
    Answer
    Dear lordarchery, your plant is Chimaphila maculata (spotted prince's-pine), a relative of the more common Chimaphila umbellata (noble prince's-pine, also called pipsissewa). This plant is relatively common in southern New England but becomes uncommon and rare as one moves north into ME and NH. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Having a problem identifying this plant. Can anyone help?
    Answer
    Dear janforster4@gmail.com, I can help you, but only a little. If I knew where this plant was growing (i.e., what part of the world), I could do a better job for you because location is vitally important. You have photographed a species of Symphytum (comfrey), a member of the borage family. If you share with me where this image was taken, I may be able to determine which species of comfrey you have photographed.
  • Question
    I've found this plant in growing in quite a shady part of my garden, it looks familiar but I can't work out what it is using some online tools, any clues would be great as I do like the look of it.
    Answer
    Dear rych1981, good morning. I'm sorry I'm unable to help you with your plant identification question. Location is very important information for identification because there are nearly 500,000 species of plants in the world and we narrow down the choices by using the area the plant comes from (a given region may only have a couple of thousand species, depending on the size of the region in question). If you can provide the location, I may be able to help or at least direct you to a place that can answer your question. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Sir,, Please identify to that plant It is grown in village /mountain
    Answer
    Dear Surrender, good morning. I don't know where this image was taken so I'm unable to help you fully. Location of the plant in question (country, region, state) is vitally important for the identification process. The image looks like a species of Phytolacca (pokeweed), but I can go no further without location information. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Good evening. I'm hoping you can identify this shrub (there are 5 total) in the yard of a house in Worcester that we are rehabbing. The shrubs are about 4 feet tall, but could get taller. I have been trimming them. The flowers are small. The leaves are at most an inch long. Thank you!
    Answer
    Dear Lisabailey, your plant looks like a species of Cotoneaster (a woody member of the rose family). Specifically, it looks like Cotoneaster lucidus (hedge cotoneaster), which is native to Asia. Best wishes.
  • Question
    The garden patch outside our house in a very wooded edge of Amherst, MA is often overtaken by mostly presumably native plants. I've been trying to leave as much as I can around our vegetable plots, especially if they'll flower and be beneficial to pollinators. I'm familiar with the morning glory vines and the wood sorrel, but I can't identify the lacy-leafed things here. It's quick-growing and familiar but I didn't introduce it. What is it? Will it flower?
    Answer
    Dear Jone, the plant you have photographed is Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed). It is weed native to North America but highly maligned by the public for its allergenic pollen. It will flower, though the flowers are not as conspicuous as many member of the aster family (to which this species belongs).
  • Question
    So I believe I have a pink shell azalea here in Maine. I'm not quite sure though. I have uploaded two images I took a few years ago but I could take a couple more of the foliage right now as the blooms just died off. What do you think? Seems sort of rare I read. Thank you for your input, Nikki Green
    Answer
    Dear nikkigreen, good morning. Your shrub does look like Rhododendron vaseyi (pink shell azalea). The spots on the petals and +/- 7 stamens per flower mark this species. This plant rarely spreads outside of the cultivation and is rare as a naturalized species on the landscape (though as a planted species it is not uncommon to see). Thanks for sharing the images, beautiful indeed.
  • Question
    Hi, I have what I believe to be a mockernut hickory, judging by the bark, nuts, and flowers that are similar to https://gobotany.newenglandwild.org/species/carya/tomentosa/. After the flowers drop on the ground in the spring, I rake them up and put them in my yard waste bin. Would it be OK for me to compost them instead, and if I do, will they provide more carbon or nitrogen to my mix? Thanks in advance.
    Answer
    sc20d, I'm the wrong person to ask about composting because I compost everything (e.g., bones, animal hides, shellfish shells, nut shells). I use very large bins and allow them to decompose over several to many years. I also live remotely and don't need to worry about pets getting into the compost (though wild animals sometimes do). Everything breaks down with enough time and I simply have the space to give things time. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Here is a somewhat closer shot of the plant below to confirm whether it is Anemone canadensis.
    Answer
    Dear sroshongf, Yes, this closer image does help suggest these plants are Anemone canadensis. Thank you for the bigger image!
  • Question
    This plant is growing next to my friend's barn in southeastern Pennsylvania. While her pig was alive this plant was always just part of her chow. Now that it's finally in bloom we are having trouble finding out what it is.
    Answer
    Dear sroshongf, your plant looks like Anemone canadensis (Canada windflower). I would need a close-up image of the flower to be 100% confident. If you want to upload one, I would be able to confirm this. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Looking for ID on this weed that showed up at house foundation. Upstate NY. Lots of fields surrounding us.
    Answer
    Dear jojimurph, your plant is in the genus Tragopogon (goat's-beard), a member of the Asteraceae. There are a few species found in the northeast, and I would need to see the open flower to help you know which one you have photographed with any confidence. If you can upload one with an open flower when they expand, I can help you further. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello, I live in Columbia County, NY which borders western MA. I've run across this perennial in a disturbed area that I'm clearing of invasives (Norway maples, garlic mustard, etc.). Can you tell me what this might be? At first, I thought it was wild geranium which is also nearby.
    Answer
    Dear calexander23, your plant in the photographs looks like Anemone canadensis (Canada windflower), a member of the crowfoot family. This is a native plant that has a relatively northern distribution in (primarily) the northeastern portion of North America, becoming rare in the southern Appalachians. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hi, I am a newbie to this site... I saw this plant along with several others in a garden in Aberporth, Ceredigion, West Wales and hope that someone may be able to identify it. The house is very close to the sea but sheltered from it by other houses. Height wise they are about 15 feet tall and have small purple flowers. Many thanks in advance Whatif
    Answer
    Dear Whatif, your plant is Echium pininana (giant viper's-bugloss), a member of the borage family native to the Canary Islands. It is well-known for its cultivation in the British Isles. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello. I found this plant in the Hellcat Area on Plum Island, MA. It looks like Canada Rockcress, and the distribution map indicates it's in the area. The green seed pods have a strong mustardlike taste; however, other plants looks quite similar, and I would like confirmation. Plum Island being a barrier island with a sandy substrate, the habitat didn't seem to match.
    Answer
    Dear chaffeemonell, your plant appears to be Turritis glabra (tower-mustard). This is a non-native mustard that is found here and there in New England in disturbed locations and clearings. Best wishes.
  • Question
    yes i would like to know what type of plant this is in nevada
    Answer
    Dear deb123, I'm sorry I cannot help you with your request. Go Botany is a website dedicated to wild plants of New England. The cactus you have photographed grows far outside of my region of expertise. If you need local assistance, I can direct you to an institution closer to your home. Just let me know if that would be of interest to you. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I found these little beauties in an area with very dry shade under a dogwood tree in my backyard in Worcester. Initially I thought they were violets, but I don't believe they are - they have 6 petals and are bell-shaped. Are you able to identify these for me? Please and thank you. Denise
    Answer
    Dear dhmcginley, your plant looks like a species of Hyacinthoides (bluebell). The flowers do not go with the leaves (the leaves are a separate plant from the flowering stalk). Best wishes.
  • Question
    Is there a way to tell how old a lilac copse is? Since pruning recommendations are to remove entire stems, the true age of the plant would be only seen in the roots, right? I've read that lilacs were often brought from Europe and popular planted in gardens in the 18th century - I have a well established (and in need of pruning) stretch of both purple and white lilac along the stone wall along the road in from of a 325+ year old house in E.MA... Would love to know if the lilac are just as old!
    Answer
    Kamereone, there really isn't a good way without knowing the site history. Even cutting some of the older stems to count growth rings wouldn't work well because some of the original stems may have died (even though the plant itself has been living for perhaps centuries). Looking into the original homestead construction may provide one of the best clues for your question. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Thanks for the ID of Morrow's Honeysuckle! It seems the "foreign" species have more open and upward flowers compared to the native ones - is that a valid way to distinguish them? I've read the non-natives also have hollow stems? I ask because I'm trying to identify what to protect/keep in an upcoming anti-buckthorn-swallowort-bittersweet effort, and I'm worried about mistaken identity! (Photo: Is this another Morrow's? Pink flowers)
    Answer
    Dera Kamereone, Lonicera morrowii and its hybrids do have hollow stems. The pink flowers are often the hybrid between Lonicera morrowii and Lonicera tatarica (called Lonicera X bella). Our two native species of honeysuckles found in forested habitats have solid stems. Good luck!
  • Question
    Hello, ace botanists! My name is Carson. I live in Bath, Maine, not far from a wetland area. Much of the soil in the area is heavy with clay. I've been seeing a couple plants like this one in my neighborhood. This particular one is located on a roadside. I thought it might be some variety of packera, but I'm not very good at telling! Any help you could provide would be excellent.
    Answer
    Dear cistulli, you have photographed Barbarea vulgaris (garden yellow-rocket), a non-native mustard that colonizes disturbed areas like fields, gardens, and roadsides. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Grass like plant growing along small stream Williston, VT June 14th. Thanks
    Answer
    Dear joshl, it appears you have photographed a species of Schoenoplectus ("leafless bulrush"). It is mostly like Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (soft-stem bulrush). There are two other species found in VT, but they are less common. If you examine the inner stem and the air-spaces, you can identify the species (see the dichotomous key for details).
  • Question
    Taken July 6, 2013 along a road in eastern Tennessee. Stachys palustris?
    Answer
    Dear DavidBlair, these photographs look like Clinopodium vulgare (wild basil). Stachys palustris would have a more elongate (i.e., taller) inflorescence with a different corolla. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Yes this large shrub/young tree is growing in a young hardwoods on a slight slope off the end of a field. It is located in western NY. If you need more information please ask and a bunch of us here are dying to know what it is, since we have checked numerous resources to no avail. Thank You Dave
    Answer
    Dear Dave, you have photographed a species of Carya (hickory), a native tree in the walnut family. I can't tell you which species without additional and up-close photographs of various parts of this plant. Perhaps knowing the genus is enough to get you started on your study.
  • Question
    In southern NH, we have a load of this ground-bound vine on a steep slope that doesn't get too much sun. I can't figure out what it is. Thanks.
    Answer
    Dear nancyQ, your plant is Rubus hispidus (bristly blackberry), a native, trailing blackberry with very thin, bristle-like prickles. It can tolerate sun or shade and will form colonies of intertwined stems. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Found in Sudbury, MA along southern edge of primarily coniferous woodline; photo taken on May 18th. Photo shows fresh white and spent yellowed flowers. Bush habit, textured bark, some specimens peeling. Flowers are in pairs and have separate ovaries. Full key seems to indicate this is a honeysuckle (a term that triggers a knee-jerk reaction "Ahhh! Invasive! Kill it!") and I was surprised to learn there are native species! Am I fortunate to have one, or is it pitchfork time?
    Answer
    Dear Kamereone, good morning. I understand the "kneejerk reaction" you spoke of, but these are really important to avoid. Entire lakes of native aquatic plants have been removed because someone assumed the species in question was non-native and invasive. Also, important to point out the non-native species did not travel to this continent of their own will with an evil agenda, but are the result of global travel for trade, resource extraction, etc. (i.e., all things we have created and continue to foster). That all written, I do understand the drastic modification to natural communities that occur with the invasion of some non-native species. I only mean to suggest that any hatred we have for this situation should be directed to where the blame actually lies (us). Your plant is Lonicera morrowii (Morrow's honeysuckle), a non-native species that was first introduced to MA for horticulture (it is from Asia). It can be very invasive. The native species of honeysuckle have very different flowers (examine web images of Lonicera canadensis and Lonicera villosa for comparison).
  • Question
    If this image loads I would love an ifentification. Grows abundantly in Nashua, NH in a mostly pine, oak, maple, viburnum woods in filtered light.
    Answer
    Dear Mtbf, there is no image associated with your post. If you are having trouble uploading images, feel free to send them to me at ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I can try to assist you further.
  • Question
    Thank you for your recent id's. They are really helping me identify what I have in my yard. Here is a volunteer fern in my back yard I'm not sure off. Concord, MA
    Answer
    Dear llsrvd, you are most welcome. The fern you have photographed is Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern). This is native to North America, though different subspecies are found throughout the world.
  • Question
    Here is tree sapling volunteering in my back yard (Concord, MA). It seems to be some kind of elm. I believe I see the same tree popping all over roadsides in Concord. Is there a way to tell what species it is?
    Answer
    Dear llsrvd, your plant is a species of Ulmus (elm). It is likely to be Ulmus americana (American elm), but mature foliage would be needed (or images of the fruits) to confirm this with confidence. Best wishes.
  • Question
    And here is another tree sapling that has volunteered itself in a few spots in my backyard. It's leaves and stems are sticky and aromatic. My best guess was Black Walnut. Concord, MA. Thank you!
    Answer
    Dear llsrvd, yes, they do appear to be a species of Juglans (walnut). I would not be able to tell you for certain which species of walnut without additional information, but hopefully knowing the genus will get you started with your study of this species. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Is this a bulblet on the Bublet Fragile Fern (Cystopteris bulbifera) from near Albany NY? Thanks,
    Answer
    Dear Auntie, it does appear one is beginning to grow. Cystopteris bulbifera would also have abundant stipitate glands on the plant (which you should be able to see at this point). That is one way to help confirm the identification.
  • Question
    This Geranium was found blooming near the Thatcher Park Nature Ctr. Helderbergs NY I can't figure out which species.
    Answer
    Dear Auntie, I can't answer your question without additional details. I would need to know the size of the flowers (best referenced through measuring the length of the petals). Also, I would need to know if there were stipitate glands on the stalks to the flowers and the sepals (which I can't see in the image). The color of the flower and orientation of the flowers suggests Geranium pretense (meadow crane's-bill), but the other details I mentioned here are necessary to confirm the identification.
  • Question
    Can you identify whether an endemic tree species is endangered based on population density alone?
    Answer
    Dear kakuchi, there is no image associated with your question. Without an image, I'm unable to help you. Please keep in mind that Go Botany is a website dedicated to wild plants of New England (i.e., northeastern United States). While I'm happy to entertain questions from outside of this area, I may not be familiar with the species in question. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello, Yesterday, May 22, I saw many of these plants growing in the Maine woods in the Moosehead Lake area. The leaves are hairy. It was not in flower. It was in an area that has been used for many years as a fishing and sporting camp. Can you tell me what it is? Thanks, Marty
    Answer
    Dear Marty, you've photographed a plant called Hieracium maculatum (spotted hawkweed). It is a species native to Europe that is introduced to several New England states, including ME. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Recently moved to a property in North Andover, MA that hadn't been cared for for several years. Trying to identify this (coniferous?) tree and a vine growing nearby. Can you help?
    Answer
    Dear Nfriel, good afternoon. I can't see enough details of the first plant (you referred to it as a vine) to provide an identification. If you can take additional images and get closer photographs, I may be able to help. The tree is a member of the Cupressaceae (cypress family). Several genera within this family are referred to as cedars, including members of the genera Thuja, Chamaecyparis, and Juniperus. If you could provide images of the seed cones, I could help further. Best wishes.
  • Question
    This is a sapling of some kind of tree. These or similar pop up around my yard every year. Concord, MA, suburban yard near wooded area.
    Answer
    Dear llsrvd, you appear to have photographed a species of Malus (apple). Various flowering crab apples have this leaf morphology. I can't tell you which species you have without flower and fruits. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hi I have a roughly 8 inch tree seedling I'm trying to identify. Pictures attached. thank you! Concord, MA backyard near a wooded area (mostly oaks).
    Answer
    Dear llsrvd, your plant is a seedling of a Tilia (linden) species. There are several non-native lindens that originate from Europe, one common species is Tilia cordata (small-leaved linden). It would be hard to know for sure which species it is without flowers/fruits. Hopefully knowing the genus of the woody plant will help you with your study.
  • Question
    Tried to upload photos but not sure it worked.
    Answer
    Dear Sheilanagigue17, if you are having trouble posting images, feel free to attach them to an email and send them to ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I can try to assist you.
  • Question
    Hi I''m new to the area and I found this in Pepperell, MA. Near the Nashua River but located in my yard that backs up to some woods.
    Answer
    Dear sburke01, you likely have photographed Turritis glabra (tower-mustard). It has foliage and flower buds much like you have photographed. If correct, you should observe pale yellow flowers when the flower buds open (sometimes very pale yellow, almost white). If not, take an image of the flowers and post them so I can try to assist you further. Best wishes.
  • Question
    This plant was found in a damp woods near Delmar NY. I wondered about Lepidium species, but it doesn't seem to match. Thank You
    Answer
    Dear Auntie, your plant looks like Lepidium campestre (field pepperweed). The small white flowers with auriculate-clasping leaves are good field marks for this mustard. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I found this on a small rocky rise in The Helderberg Escarpment NY. I think I've narrowed it down to a Polypodium species. Thank You
    Answer
    Dear Auntie, you have photographed a species of Polypodium (polypody), just as you thought. Based on the leaf blade outline and tips of the leaf lobes, it is most likely Polypodium virgnianum (rock polypody). This is a common, native species of fern.
  • Question
    This fern was found on a rocky outcrop near Delmar NY. I thought that it looked like a fern I sent to you last week, that you suggested was a Cystopteris bulbifera. I do not see the bulblets on the underside of the leaf, although I checked several fronds. Would you always expect to see a bulblet on a frond in C. bulbifera? Or is there another ID for this? Thanks
    Answer
    Dear Auntie, the bulblets form a bit later after the leaves emerge. In other words, you should see them eventually on the leaf blades. If you don't later in the summer, it is doubtful the ferns were Cystopteris bulbifera. If you can get an image of the underside of the leaf to show the sori, it would be very helpful to confirm the identification. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello, this plant is growing in a landscape bed that used to be full of pachysandra. The pachysandra mysteriously died last summer, and now I have four of these plants in the bed. I have no idea what they are or how they got there. I am in Westchester County, NY (not exactly New England, but just a stone's throw from CT). Many thanks in advance.
    Answer
    Dear cfullan, you have a basal rosette of Verbascum thapsus (common mullein). This is a common, weedy species of human-disturbed habitats. It is a biennial and will flower, fruit, and then senesce in its second year of life.
  • Question
    Any idea what this plant is?
    Answer
    Dear jasbflower, I am unable to tell you what your plant is. Location is a really important piece of information. There are upwards of 500,000 plant species on the planet, but learning the location removes many of the choices that are possible (e.g., the state of Maine only has 2100 species of plants). Please keep in mind that Go Botany is a website dedicated to wild plants of New England. If you can supply additional information about the plant, I may be able to assist you. Best wishes.
  • Question
    This plant, photographed in November of 2013, had few leaves left. Those I do see do not appear to have toothed margins, therefore Clematis virginiana seems unlikely. Thank you for your thoughts!
    Answer
    DavidBlair, you have photographed Clematis occidentalis. The fruits are quite diagnostic of this species. the leaf blade margins of this species are variable. It may be difficult to detect the coarse, few teeth when they are dried up. Best wishes.
  • Question
    This plant grows along School Street in Concord, NH. It was in bloom this past week. It resembles Philadelphus inodorus. However, most but not all flowers seem to have 5 petals. And P. inodorus is not supposed to occur in NH.
    Answer
    Dear DavidBlair, I'm not sure what species you have found. Planted shrubs could originate from many parts of the world--far outside my region of expertise. If you want to send me some more images of the leaves so that I can see the details of their margins, arrangement, etc., I may be able to track down an answer for you. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Ah, spring in New England, such a wonderful time. My query is about this plant: it is a shrub, about 2 m tall at this point growing in my yard in Southbridge, MA; photos taken within the past day or so. I have, hopefully, attached a picture of the flowers and leaves, and of a cross-section of the stem. Thanks, as ever, --Carl
    Answer
    Dear carl.moxey, Your plant is Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn-olive). It is a non-native shrub that has escaped to much of New England. You will notice silver scales on the leaf blades (especially the undersurface). The flowers will be very fragrant, and will mature into red drupes (fleshy fruit with a single seed inside).
  • Question
    I recently moved to southern NH. I'm attempting to identify the huge variety of flora on our property. Here are two pics. One is what I believe is a blackberry species - it has 3 leaves & during winter, they're bare arched branches. They're planted on woods' edge facing/stretching eastward. Amongst those plants, see 2nd pic, I've circled an emerging plant - the stem is very different. Thanks for your help!
    Answer
    Dear nancyQ, you have definitely photographed a member of the genus Rubus (blackberry, raspberry). Without seeing the underside of the leaves, it is hard to know who you have. The highly glaucous stems (i.e., with a whitish bloom) suggest Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry). If you can provide images of the leaf undersurface, I can help confirm the identification.
  • Question
    We've been noticing these popping up around our home! We like them. It don't know what they are! And want to know if they're poisonous please help! We're located in Oregon
    Answer
    Dear Graylilly, your plant is Euphorbia lathyris (gopher spurge), a non-native herbaceous species. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I was sure this was Lonicera canadensis but now wonder if it is L. villosa. Found on one of our brooks and a piece taken to another brook, where we now have 5 plants (they did that all on their own). May 14, 2017 Barton, VT (northeast VT) Thank you!
    Answer
    Dear meeyauw@gmail.com, your plant is Lonicera canadensis. Lonicera villosa has united ovaries and lacks the short nectar spur shown in your images. Wonderful plant--thank you for sharing your images.
  • Question
    We bought a house in Worcester that we have been rehabbing. The yard was a mess & we are slowly reviving it, trying to use only approximately native plantings. We have many plants that have popped up in a dry area between our driveway & street. Can you help me identify so I know whether they should stay or go? I think they had a yellow flower on them last year. Thanks.
    Answer
    Dear Lisabailey, I cannot tell what your species of plant is for certain without a closer image of the leaf and the stem. It much like Erigeron canadensis (Canada fleabane), a weedy species native to North America. If you can provide another image or two closer to the plant, I should be able to confirm this hypothesis for you. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I was wondering what this flower is, someone told me it was poisonous? Found on side of road in Grafton MA
    Answer
    Dear WendyFord, you've photographed a species of Narcissus (daffodil). There are many cultivars of white daffodils and I don't know which one (exactly) you have photographed. However, I hope knowing the genus will provide you a starting place on your study of these plants. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Ground Ivy (Glechoma hederacea)? Growing in Benton Point State Park, RI near path.
    Answer
    Dear joshl, your plant is Lamium purpureum (red henbit), a non-native member of the mint family. This genus differs from Glechoma in its sessile (i.e., unstalked) flowers. Those of Glechoma have short pedicels.
  • Question
    Campanula patula? Newport RI growing to the side of a path at Benton Point State Park
    Answer
    Dear joshl, You appear to have photographed a member of the genus Hyacinthoides (bluebells), a member of the Hyacinthaceae. These are species native primarily to Europe and northern Africa. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I believe this is a skullcap (Scutellaria). It was growing in Pennsylvania in a garden, so may be neither New England nor wild. Do you know the species?
    Answer
    Dear DavidBlair, skullcaps have a transverse ridge on the calyx (the sepals of a given flower taken collectively). This plant lacks the characteristic ridge of Scutellaria. I don't know this cultivated species, but I can share that it does not appear to be a skullcap. Best wishes.
  • Question
    i have a plant that is really trying to takeover my wild flowers. Ill describe it at the young stage say 12-18" has a purple stem not hollow and rounded. leaves are alternate and about 6" long with single vein the length,and almost like short points on edges 1/2" apart.looks like they get lobed when they get larger. no separation between leaf and stem
    Answer
    Dear Plantbo, I'm sorry I can't help you. You are outside of my range of expertise (northeastern United States and adjacent Canada) and I would need an image of the flowers to assist you further. If you are able to catch this plant in flower and send in some images, I will likely be able to assist you with your question.
  • Question
    Seen in Worcester, MA. Woody-tree but cannot tell what the species is... please help!
    Answer
    Dear astahovec, your plant is a species of Quercus (oak) that has expanding leaves. It is a member of the black oak group (e.g., northern red oak, black oak, scarlet oak), as evidenced by the bristle-tips at the apex of the lobes. If you can get more images or images when the leaves expand, I can help you further with the identification.
  • Question
    Hi, Here are some photos of a plant growing next to my house. They are in rocky soil next to a stone foundation. The pictures were taken this week. Can you identify the plant? Is it hawkweed? Thanks!
    Answer
    Dear Brookline Biker, the plant you have photographed looks like Lactuca serriola (prickly lettuce). The line of rigid bristles up the midvein of the leaf (underside) is diagnostic. You have also photographed Alliaria petiolate (garlic-mustard), the one with small, white, four-petaled flowers. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello I found this plant in my woods behind my yard in Massachusetts. Can you let me know what it is? 😁
    Answer
    Dear Sorgenman, your plant is Glechoma hederacea (Gill-over-the-ground or ground-ivy), a non-native member of the mint family that is very frequent on lawns around New England. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello, this plant is growing in our garden in rural Royalston, Massachusetts (North Central MA) and we haven't been able to ID it to determine if it's a weed we should try to control. It was one of the first plants to begin growing in the early spring. We haven't seen any flowers on it yet. The leaf in the photo is 2" from tip to base. Thank you for any advice! Lydia
    Answer
    Dear lydiamusco, good morning. Your plant is Rumex acetosella (sheep sorrel, a species of dock). It is a sour-tasting plant that can grown abundantly in disturbed soils but is not invasive. Some people enjoy using this plant as a food or medicine. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I have been trying to figure out what this is. I really want some in my yard.
    Answer
    Dear Bad97, you have photographed Piers japonica (Japanese Andromeda), a member of the heath family that is native to eastern Asia. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hi! I am new to CT (New England in general) and am super excited about discovering all the plants around. I recently came across what I believe is a Black Huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata). I would love to eat their berries when they start becoming ripe. Never had a huckleberry before! My question is, are there any look-a-like plants I should be concerned about? I want to be sure I am eating the berries of a huckleberry and not something potentially toxic. Picture attached. Thanks!
    Answer
    Dear csrain, yes, you have photographed Gaylusaccia baccata. The entire leaves with resin dots (use magnification) on both sides of the leaf blades and black fruits without bloom that are sweet tasting are good identifying characteristics. Enjoy them later in the growing season!
  • Question
    Good day! I'm Stumped! This is flowering now (05-14) in Northeastern Vermont. It's roadside....Leaves look like rhubarb...it's growing in a large patch that is often damp to wet with run-off, and then dries out. I just found your site, so if you need more info lmk and I will go back and get better details.... Thanks!
    Answer
    Dear Streakdog, you have photographed Petasites hybridus (butterbur sweet-coltsfoot). This is a non-native member of the Asteraceae that has been introduced to a few locations in New England. A beautiful plant, but it can be invasive in open areas.
  • Question
    Several of these growths were seen growing on a Juniper in a brushy field near Rutland VT. We cut it in half and there was a hard center reminding us of a 'gall', but the tentacles were very gelatinous. Thank You,
    Answer
    Dear Auntie, this is a fungal pathogen of eastern red cedar called cedar-apple rust (Gymnosporangium juniperi-virginianae). It forms these distinctive growths on the branches of Juniperus virginiana that you have photographed. Thanks for sharing.
  • Question
    This photo was taken May 4, 2013 somewhere in the Monadnock Region of New Hampshire. The pink flowers each have four petals and bloom in a cluster. The leaf at the base of each flower stalk seems to clasp the stalk. The stem of the plant is hairy.
    Answer
    Dear DavidBlair, you have photographed Lunaria annua (honesty), a non-native member of the Brassicaceae. This plant is best known for its distinctive fruit, which you can observe using a web-based image search or check out images on Go Botany. Best wishes.
  • Question
    It is a fungi. Kindly tell me its name. I'm from Goa,India Thank you
    Answer
    Dear feltan29, good morning. I'm not able to help you with your question because there is no image associated with your question. Without an image, I cannot offer you any suggestions on the identification. Go Botany is a website dedicated to wild plants (not fungi) of northeastern North America. That written, there is a chance I might recognize the fungus you are interested in (at least to the family or genus). If you want to send the images to ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org, I would be will to take a look (though I may not be able to offer any confident identifications). Best wishes.
  • Question
    Does PlantShare data (photos and locations) get used by invasive species tracking projects, such as PLANTS/EDDMaps/Outsmart?
    Answer
    Dear Kamereone, good morning. No, this data is not formerly shared or used by other programs. While it can be used, especially those sightings that have images to voucher the species being tracked, it is not currently. Because Plant Share is interested in all plants, those wishing to use the data for any research would need to filter through to remove both native and non-native, non-invasive species. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I have thought that New England Violet 2017 Lee NH DSCN2973.png is just the Viola nephrophylla. (Larger image) We have a lot of them in the back yard this time of year. Our yard is on the edge of a forest. But New England Violet 2017 Lee NH DSCN2980.png (first one uploaded, smaller image) seems to have pointier leaves than I am used to seeing. I'm just a guy with a back yard, not a botany person.
    Answer
    Dear Ninetrees, good morning. Your plant is Viola sagitatta var. ovata (synonym: Viola fimbriatula), a common violet of dry to moist soils that flowers this time of year. This species will have leaf blades that have a relative length to width ratio longer than Viola novae-angliae once they have expanded a bit more. Notice also these leaf blades are truncate at the base (not cordate). Beautiful photographs, by the way.
  • Question
    Hi, I have been trying to identify a low-growing wet area woodland plant from a remote area of Wiscasset, Maine, for almost a year. I've had no luck and many hours involved. It has very dark green variegated leaves and I think multiplies through rhizomes. How do I upload a photo? Can I just email one to you? I've thoroughly searched the key with no luck. Thanks, L
    Answer
    Isandrei, Yes, you can simply email me photographs to the address ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I can assist you with your question. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hi, The attached photos are of plants in a forest Brookline, MA. I took the photos on May 6, 2017. The area where the plants are growing is partly shaded. The soil looks rocky. Thanks!
    Answer
    BrooklineBiker, I'm sorry, there is no image attached to your question. Without that, I won't be able to assist you. If you are having trouble posting images, feel free to send them by email to ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I can try to help you with your question.
  • Question
    Hi, I'm resubmitting this question because I'm not sure it went through to you. I took pictures of this flower in a forest in Brookline, MA on May 6, 2017. The area where the plants are growing is partly shaded & the soil seems pretty rocky. A meadow is about 50 feet away. What did I find? Thanks!
    Answer
    Dear BrooklineBiker, yes, I saw this question and answered it (sorry you did not get notification of the answer). The plant is Rhodotypos scandens (black jetbead), a non-native member of the rose family. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Several of these ferns were growing on a path near a creek in Troy NY. I'm wondering if it could be a Athyrium species? Thank You,
    Answer
    Dear Auntie, Given the winter green leaves that are lying around the base of the plant and the dense tufts of white-brown scales at the base of the petiole, your plant is Dryopteris marginalis (marginal wood fern), a common species of rocky forests in the northeastern United States.
  • Question
    I think I see this plant frequently in the spring in moist places. Maybe it grows up into something that I could identify. I'll upload some pictures from today in Hebron, CT. Thanks!
    Answer
    Dear davidreik@comcast.net, you have photographed the basal leaves of a species of Nabalus (rattlesnake-root), native members of the sunflower family that were once placed in the genus Prenanthes. These will flower later in the growing season and have small flower heads (relative to species like American-asters and sunflowers). Best wishes.
  • Question
    Last summer I purchased and planted a bunch of different split plants from a local gardener here in St. Charles, IL. I had them marked, however - the markers did not weather the winter :( Can you please help me identify this plant? I am not sure if it is something I planted or, if it is an invasive weed. Thank you!! Sincerely, Lisa H.
    Answer
    Dear lisahoof, I can't be sure what species you have by these photographs. Some plants are very distinctive without flowers or fruits, but others require these structures for identification. They remind me of Circaea canadensis (broad-leaved enchanter's-nightshade), a native member of the Onagraceae (evening-primrose family). While I can't be confident, you will know soon as they should start to send up flower buds shortly. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I am looking for the best way to increase my knowledge about invasive weeds. On-line class? Feild class, Mass Audobon Society?? I started renting Goats in Central Mass and I need to have a knowledge base to Identify poison plants for the goats. Along with knowledge of non-native invasive Plants. Thank You, Tammy Hebert Central Mass Goat Rental
    Answer
    Dear Tammy, good morning. The New England Wild Flower Society does offer classes in many topics, including some on non-native plants from time to time. If you view the schedule of programs (http://www.newenglandwild.org/learn/our-programs), you can find lots of classes where plants are discussed in the field and in the classroom, and discussions of native vs. non-native species are frequent topics in classes. Good luck.
  • Question
    I found this white trillium with green petals and red in center next to some Trillium Erectus. This white/green flower doesn't fit descriptions or photos of other trilliums. Would you please confirm its identify. Location: Henniker, NH. PS - recently attended Ted Elliman's talk at Fox State Forest in Hillsboro NH and bought his great book (Wildflowers of New England Elliman & NEWFS) which doesn't include this particular trillium. Thanks for your input!
    Answer
    Dear gchohen, there is no image associated with this question. Without an image, I won't be able to assist you. If you are having trouble uploading images, please feel free to email them to me at ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I can try to assist you further.
  • Question
    Hi, The attached photos are of plants in my yard in Brookline, MA. I took the photos on May 6, 2017. The area where the plants are growing is unshaded. The plants are growing next to my house which has a stone foundation. Are they all prickly lettuce at various stages of growth? Thanks!
    Answer
    Dear BrooklineBiker, good morning. I can only make out the plant of focus in a couple of the images (they are a bit small in two of the images). The large leaf with crisped margins (undulating like lasagna) is a species of Rumex (dock). Rumex crispus (curly dock) is a common species that appears around homes and in gardens, though there are a couple of other common species in this genus. Best wishes.
  • Question
    These two ferns/plants were found clinging to a rock wall beside a waterfall in upstate NY. I'm just getting started learning my ferns and any advice would be helpful. Thank You,
    Answer
    Dear Auntie, you have photographed two different species. The first one, growing out from the open crack of the rock, is a species of Cystopteris (fragile fern), likely Cystopteris bulbifera (bulbil fragile fern). The other fern is a species of Asplenium (spleenwort), likely Asplenium quadrivalens (common maidenhair spleenwort). Both of these species grow on high pH rocks and cliffs. Best wishes.
  • Question
    What is this? The tiny buds along the outer edges of the leaves are seedling. That's how I grew these in about a month or so. I Just dropped them in water. Tampa Florida.
    Answer
    Dear MalcolmX, you appear to have photographed a species of Bryophyllum (a member of the Crassulaceae, stonecrop family). These plants are native to the African and Asian continents. The ability of this plant to produce small, vegetative plantlets along the margins of the leaves is a good identifying character.
  • Question
    Good Afternoon, I live in Nh and am having difficulty identifying an early perennial that's popping up all over my perennial garden. I originally thought it to be mint or Greek oregano as I have a few varieties in the garden as well but it is not. It has very dark purple leaves, has no scent and seems to be spreading. Any thoughts?
    Answer
    Dear WendyDr, there are no images associated with your post. If you are having trouble uploading images, please send them to ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I can help you further. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hi, I can't find the name of this plant. Can you help me?
    Answer
    Dear Masoume, I can't fully help you because I don't know where this plant was collected. It looks similar to the European Ranunculus auricomus (Greenland crowfoot). If you can supply information that provides the origin of this plant, I can help you further. Best wishes.
  • Question
    What is this plant please. I live in south western Pennsylvania. Just found it laying on the ground a tree the edge of my woods. Oak and maple trees around.
    Answer
    Holly, you've photographed a gall from a species of wasp that lays it eggs in the leaves of certain oaks. These spherical galls are characteristic of this species of insect. Thanks for sharing your discovery.
  • Question
    Hi! I'm hoping to identify these 4 plants for a class I'm taking, but they are so young that their features are a little ambiguous and I am not sure how to use the key for them. All of them are growing in Greenfield, MA. Thank you!
    Answer
    Dear aribenjamin, I'll help you as much as I can. The first image (with the arrow) I'm unable to assist because the plant is blurry in the photograph. The second image (arrow pointing left) is Lysimachia borealis (starflower). The third image (with the heart-shaped leaf) may be a species like Eurybia divaricate (white wood-aster). The final image is Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison-ivy). Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hi, I am trying to investigate dimorphism in Pyrrosia Piloselloides for my school project but I'm not sure how. I know there are two types of fronds in this species- the fertile frond and sterile frond and I tried to study the fern cycle. How far do environmental conditions affect the dimorphism in Pyrrosia Piloselloides or is it age that affect the dimorphism? How do I quantify this data? This species can be found in North eastern India, Malaysia and almost every part of Singapore.
    Answer
    Dear Bambpp, I'm not sure I will be able to help you enough for your study. That written, many ferns demonstrate dimorphism between the sterile (i.e., vegetative) and fertile (i.e., reproductive) leaves. Those leaves that bear spores are sometimes very different from those leaves that do not bear spores. These differences are independent of age or habitat. You might investigate this route first. Good luck with your study.
  • Question
    What is the name of this lichen growing on an old rotting birch log... I'm in Canada, Ontario, Algoma District Thank You!
    Answer
    Dear Lisette, good afternoon. Go Botany is a website dedicated to wild plants of New England. Lichens and fungi, while very cool topics, are not within the realm of expertise of this website. I suggest submitting your photograph to a fungus-dedicated group on social media to find an answer to your question. Good luck.
  • Question
    This plant was found in a very wet forest near Rensselaerville NY. I believe it is a Ranunculus species. The one irregularly shaped leaf in the second photo puts me off of R. arbortivus. Thank You
    Answer
    Dear Auntie, you plant looks very much like Ranunculus abortivus. The irregularly shaped leaf you refer to is not uncommon in this species and its near relatives. There are two other species that look similar (R. allegheniensis and R. micranthus), but they are less common than R. abortivus. Best wishes.
  • Question
    What is this?
    Answer
    LorenzoNine, good morning. This is a species of hickory (genus Carya). These are the leaves and bracts of leaf opening that are really conspicuous and quite beautiful this time of year. I can't tell you for certain which species without knowing more information, such as your location (the general region of the photographer is vital information for people to help answer what a plant is). Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello, we have been digging these up and eating them for years but do not know the name of them can you please help me in finding the correct name? Found in Lookout, CA. USA
    Answer
    Dear bet96054, there is no image attached to your post. If you are having trouble posting images, feel free to send the images to ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I can try to assist you.
  • Question
    The McCabe Forest in Antrim, NH is a mixed soft/hardwood forest. May 2, after heavy rains, much of it was very wet. These flowers were spreading in dense patches. The first photo is Anemone quinquefolia. To its right, a small white cluster. The second photo shows an open cluster: Panax trifolius? My books show bigger umbels.
    Answer
    Dear DavidBlair, your plants are Panax trifolius (dwarf ginseng), a native member of the Apiaceae. These umbels are very typical for New England plants (the books you've referenced may be showing plants from other areas--though I don't know the books you're using). Best wishes.
  • Question
    Good Morning! I live in the Mohawk Valley in the state of New York. I found this cute little flower growing all by itself next to my pond this Spring. Can you identify for me? Thanks very much, Brenda
    Answer
    Dear Peaches, you've photographed a species of Fritillaria (missionbells or checkered-lily). This is a member of the Liliaceae (lily family). These are species predominantly of western North America. I can't tell you which species this is because they are outside of my region of expertise. I hope this is helpful.
  • Question
    Dear Ace Botanist; Please identify this tree that volunteered in our garden. I think it may be a Green Alder. The location is Newport, Rhode Island about 1000 feet north of the Atlantic Ocean. Rob
    Answer
    Dear RobRichter, good morning. The shrub you have photographed is a species of Prunus (cherry, plum). I would not be able to tell you which species without flowers/fruits, but it looks like a cultivar of Prunus serrulata (Japanese flowering cherry). Best wishes.
  • Question
    I'm trying to identify this plant. It is growing on the side of our driveway in southern Vermont. The sharply toothed leaves and reddish underside of the leaf seems like it should be make it easy, but I have been unable to find an identification. Can you help me? Thank you.
    Answer
    Dear Imc825, Your plant looks like a member of the genus Eurybia (wood-aster), and is likely Eurybia divaricata (white wood-aster). There are a few species in the aster family with conspicuously heart-shaped leaves, but these seem to match for this genus the best.
  • Question
    Can you please help me ID this plant? I found it a few days ago in the berkshires in a very moist wooded area. The flowers are on a bush. Thank you!
    Answer
    Dear Likenscassie, your plant is Viburnum lantanoides (hobblebush), a native viburnum found in forested areas in New England. The enlarged sterile flowers around the margin of the inflorescence and stellate-branched hairs on the leaves (you'll need magnification to see this) are good identifying characteristics.
  • Question
    This plant is growing in my garden in Simi Valley California and I'd like to know what it is?
    Answer
    Dear ildiko4, I'm sorry that I cannot help you with your question. Go Botany is a website dedicated to wild plants of New England. If you need help finding someone closer to you that would have expertise of the regional flora of your area, feel free to email me at ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I'll direct you to the appropriate organization. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Would you mind helping me ID the plant in the attached picture? I was hiking on a rustic trail in the inner section of Cape Ann, Ma (close to Dogtown). This plant had two woody stems, one short upright and the4 foot stem pictured, was flopping over a rock. I think it resembles Sambucus. The environs were rocky moraine wetland. - Bruce
    Answer
    Dear brucepiper40, good morning. Your plant is Sambucus racemosa (red elderberry), a native shrub of New England. It is the first of our native elderberries to flower and will fruit earlier as well than the black elderberry.
  • Question
    Looking for an ID on this shrub like plant growing in a woodland habitat in southeastern CT. Single white flower at the end with 2 deeply toothed opposite leaves on either side. Thank you.
    Answer
    Dear Colleentara, your plant is Rhodotypos scandens (black jetbead), a non-native member of the Rosaceae (rose family). This is a species that has been sparingly introduced into southern New England. It will have a black fruit later in the season. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I have been trying to figure out this plant. It is a shrub located about 10-15ft from a pond in Simsbury Ct, at Stratton Brook State Park. The plant is about 7ft tall. The longest leaves average 57mm from tip to base (not including the petiole), and average 20mm wide. The short leaves average 30-35mm in length, and average 20mm wide. The under side of the leaf is grayish and fussy in appearance. The leaf margins are serrated. The buds seem to be scales with hairs on them.
    Answer
    Dear mjl1982, your plant is a species of willow (genus Salix). There are several details that I cannot see from your photographs that make it impossible for me to tell you which species this is. It could be Salix humilis (prairie willow) or Salix cinerea (gray willow), the former native, the latter non-native. If you want to continue this discussion, feel free to email me at ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I can direct you further. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Would like to ID this pine tree. Located in NYC, Riverside park, alongside the Hudson River. There is a stand along the clay tennis courts. Maybe a pitch pine? Thank you!
    Answer
    Dear mtardiff, I would not be able to confidently identify a pine that may have been planted in a park. It could have originated from locations where I do not have taxonomic expertise. It is not Pinus rigida (pitch pine) as that species has longer pollen cones with a different morphology than those you posted here. I assume this pine has three leaves per fascicle (as you suggested pitch pine as the identification). Best wishes.
  • Question
    Could you please help me identify this plant? Recently moved to Northern VT and it's growing over half of the yard. It has a single leaf per stem that is freckled on one side and solid colored on the other. If I try to pull it out of the ground only a white stem comes up, no roots. Also if it helps the soil is sandy and mossy where is it growing and the plants ranges from the height pictured to two inches currently.
    Answer
    Dear sbissonette, the plant you have photographed is Erythronium americanum (American trout-lily). This is a native, spring-flowering herb in the lily family. Some of these plants will soon produce a beautiful yellow flower. Enjoy them.
  • Question
    Hello, I live in southeastern Wisconsin, and stumbled upon this website while trying to identify a plant I've seen growing in my yard. I first saw it two years ago, but not last year. This year, I was able to avoid it with the lawn mower and took a couple pictures. I am thinking that it is Barbarea vulgaris, but I think I see pictures of more than one plant specie in the sample pictures, and wanted to ask before posting: are the pictures I have taken of Barbarea vulgaris, or something else?
    Answer
    Dear holymackerel87, the plant you have photographed does appear to be a species of Barbarea (yellow rocket). I can't tell you for certain which species it is without seeing open flowers and close-up images of certain morphological features. That written, it is likely to be Barbarea vulgaris, as you noted. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Could you please help me identify this plant I found growing in woods on my property?
    Answer
    Dear usafpatriot, your photographs appear to have captured the leaf opening of a species of Carya (hickory). These species have conspicuous colored bracts that open up to reveal the expanding leaves. I don't know where this photograph was taken, so I can't help any further (i.e., location is a very important piece of information needed for identification). I hope this is still helpful and best wishes.
  • Question
    Thanks for your reply (about the twigs). Unfortunately the tree was pulled down with heavy snow so there is just the stump left - here is a picture of the bark. Cheers Shaun
    Answer
    Dear Shaun, that's too bad, I was looking forward to seeing more of this tree. Given the Vinca minor in the background, is it possible this tree is cultivated at the edge of a yard? If so, it could explain why I don't recognize it. I don't know what part of southern ME you are in, but perhaps we could arrange a visit sometime when I am coming through the area. Happy to connect if that would be of help (and if possible). My email is ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hi. Im new to southern Maine and trying to learn plants. Just took the course in winter trees and got the Trees of Canada and the US - but cant figure out what tree this is. Here are pictures of the buds and leaf scar. Hope you can help. Cheers Shaun
    Answer
    Dear Shaun, good morning. I've been looking at these images for several weeks waiting for the tree's identity to come to me. I must admit I don't recognize this tree from the branchlets you've photographed. Any chance you can get an image of the bark or leaves at the base of the tree? These might be clues that would allow me to help you identify the species. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Can you please tell me what this is
    Answer
    Francey-that, good morning. I'm sorry that I'm unable to help you. Go Botany is a website dedicated to wild plants of New England. Cultivated species can originate from all over the globe and are sometimes unknown to me. I'm sorry I cannot be of more assistance. Best wishes.
  • Question
    CAn you tell me want plant this is? It comes up every year in my flower bed, sometime has a whit bloom
    Answer
    Dear karen9018, it is very difficult to help you without knowing a bit more information. Location is very important in narrowing down the choices for what your plant may be. Given that there are upwards of 500,000 species of plants on the earth, learning the general area helps to eliminate those species that aren't found in a region. If you can assist with this information, I may be able to help. I can be reached at ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org, additional photographs from different angles will be useful. Thank you.
  • Question
    these 2 plants have shot up in my greenhouse. I have never seen any thing like it but I do buy a lot of bird food (seeds ect) from our local shops. sorry just read about you being in new England .I am in cornwall uk.
    Answer
    Dear Les, I'm happy to help whenever I can. In this case, I do recognize this plant. It is Euphorbia lathyris (gopher spurge). The opposite leaves in 4 distinct ranks with the pale midvein are good identifying characters. If you bruise a leaf, you will notice a white latex exuding from it. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hi, I think this plant may be ginseng, but am not sure. The second photo shows a bit of the root. It is growing in woodland near a stream in southern Vermont. Thanks for your help. lmc825
    Answer
    Dear Imc825, this plant is a woody species with opposite, pinnately compound leaves. Panax quinquefolius (American ginseng) is an herbaceous plant with (usually) whorled, palmately compound leaves. It looks as though you have photographed a Sambucus (elderberry) seedling. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hi, I think these plants may be viburnum nudum seedlings, what do you think? They are growing in woodland near a stream in southern Vermont. As always, your help is much appreciated. lmc825
    Answer
    Dear Imc825, I believe you are correct. They do look like Viburnum nudum seedlings. Thanks for sharing and best wishes.
  • Question
    Hi I found this little plant in my yard and I'm wondering what plant it it and if it's edible ( next to some dandelions in my lawn). Thank you for your time😁
    Answer
    Dear Sorgenman, the flowers you have posted belong to a species of Viola (violet). On lawns, hybrid individuals with Viola cucullata (marsh violet) and/or Viola sororia (woolly violet) are common. These are edible species, both the leaves and the flowers. You can enjoy them raw in salads, etc. It is always good to try a small serving first if this is a new food to identify how your body reacts to it. Enjoy.
  • Question
    Hi, I am trying to id the attached small woody plant. The red venation of the leaves seems unique and is not familiar to me. This plant is in the Gill Town Forest, and the photo is from a couple days ago. Several twigs had been trimmed, presumably munched. I could not get the id with the gobotany process. Thanks for your help. Nora
    Answer
    Dear nhanke, I can't confidently identify the plant from the photograph that has been provided. The opposite leaves and crenate teeth could place this as a species of Viburnum (such as Viburn nudum [with-rod or wild raisin]). I would need to see details of winter buds and leaf scars on the branchlet to confirm this. Best wishes.
  • Question
    May I ask if what plant is this?
    Answer
    Dear katkatgagan2608, I'm sorry I'm unable to help with your identification question. I don't recognize this species and wonder what part of the world this photograph was taken in. Go Botany is a website dedicated to wild plants of New England. If you let me know your location, I may be able to find someone in your region to help with identification (assuming this is a wild species and not planted). Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello, Can you help me to select an evergreen ground covering plants.
    Answer
    Dear Gurcharan, The New England Wild Flower Society could certainly suggest some species for you, but we need a lot more information. It would be important to learn things like where you are located in the world, how dry/moist the soil is, how much shade there is, and the general pH of the soil (acidic, etc.). Without some of this information, it would be difficult for anyone to suggest species that would thrive in your location. Feel free to send me an email at ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I can pass along this information (and your question) to someone who can help.
  • Question
    This plant is invading my lawn and flower beds. Pic is attached. Can you ID? Method to control spreading? Thanks. Best, Ray Dona
    Answer
    Dear RayDona, good morning. You have photographed a species of Allium (onion, garlic). It could be Allium vineale (crow garlic), a species with narrow leaves and small bulbs. It is edible and any harvests of it you make can be used in the kitchen. It is difficult to control through herbicides because of the waxy nature of the leaves (chemicals do not stick well to this species). Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello again, thanks for previous answer. I'm sending you a picture of a plant, and again I'm asking you if you can determine it? The picture so the plant is from Croatia. Best regards, Simon
    Answer
    Dear Simon, I'm sorry I cannot help you with this one. Croatia is outside of my realm of expertise--though sometimes I can recognize the plants because we share some genera between our two continents. If you need an email address to someone closer to you who may know of these species, let me know (you can email me at ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org).
  • Question
    What is this plant?
    Answer
    Dear Sarahcadantheusarabicus, good morning. I would like to help you but you appear to have posted an image of a cultivated plant. Go Botany is a website dedicated to wild plants of the northeastern United States. While we are happy to entertain all plant related questions, because cultivated species can originate from many parts of the world, such questions can be outside of the expertise here. I'm sorry I can't be of more help. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I bought this plant recently and I can't figure out what this is. I'm in Oklahoma.
    Answer
    Dear spaceirsrad, there is no image attached to your post/question. If you are having trouble posting images, feel free to attach them to an email and send them to ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I can try to help. Please include any useful information you can, such as habitat, time of year, etc.
  • Question
    Hello. My sister, who lives in Mansfield, MA, is looking for suggestions for wild plants that can be used to make yarn (by spinning). She knows about milkweed already. She'd prefer that they be ones that are ok to harvest, such as invasives. Do you have any that you'd recommend trying? She also spends time up in the Eastport, Maine area, so plants up there would be good to know about, as well. Thanks for your help.
    Answer
    Dear AbbyG3, good morning. There are a great many fiber plants in New England, though I do not know which ones can be spun to make a yarn. Here is a list of herbaceous plants that do not require retting and have strong fibers, though each has its own necessary techniques of collection and fiber extraction: Abutilon theophrasti, Apocynum androsaemifolium, Apocynum Asclepias cannabinum incarnata, Asclepias syriaca, Chamaenerion angustifolium, Laportea Canadensis, Oenothera biennis, Urtica dioica, and Urtica gracilis.
  • Question
    I found a possible field pennycress in my lawn can you confirm if this is feild pennycress? Massachusetts usa
    Answer
    Dear Sorgenman, good morning. I can't see the details necessary to make a confident determination. As best I can tell, the plant you have photographed has a conspicuous basal rosette of leaves and few stem leaves. This would not fit with the morphology of Thlaspi arvense (field penny-cress). This plant looks similar to Arabidopsis thaliana (mouse-ear thale-cress), another non-native mustard that is introduced to New England. If this hypothesis is correct, you should be able to find branched hairs on the leaves of this plant. Best wishes.
  • Question
    4/16/17 flowering woody stemmed plant along trail in Montpelier VT Pink 4 petaled flowers, no leaves visible. Thank you
    Answer
    Dear joshl, your shrub in the image is Daphne mezereum (February daphne). This is a non-native species that has been introduced sparingly in New England. It is among the first shrubs with showy flowers to bloom in the spring. Best wishes.
  • Question
    What is the yellow thing? I am from Tunisia.
    Answer
    Dear Sarahcadantheusarabicus, the plant you have photographed looks like a species of Aloe (a monocot placed in the Asphodelaceae). However, I cannot be confident of this determination because Tunisia is a long way from my region of expertise (northeastern United States). Perhaps this will still help you with your study of this plant. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I am in north west Arkansas in the river valley. This plant is highly invasive, C an you tell me what this plant is?
    Answer
    Dear carolfrancks, there is no image associated with your question. If you are having trouble posting images, feel free to attach them to an email and send them to me at ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I will try to help you out. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello! I have been trying to figure out what kind of plant this is. The seed was small and black. The stem and leaves have trichomes that make it very fuzzy and leave a sticky residue on your fingers. The leaves are rounded, have netted veins, and have an alternate leaf arrangement. I am unaware of the location but I hope you can help! Thank you! -Mia Pagliuco
    Answer
    Dear plantsarecoolbotany, you have photographed a species of Nicotiana (tobacco). Some species have glandular hairs that do leave a noticeable residue on the fingers when they are contacted. I do not know which species you have photographed because cultivated collections could hail from many parts of the world (outside of my region of expertise). That written, it looks similar to Nicotiana rustica (Aztec tobacco). Best wishes.
  • Question
    I apologize for the less-than-great image quality, but I found these tiny flowers in the grass and haven't been able to find a name for them. One is a blueish color, maybe faintly purple, with darker stripes radiating from the center. The other is solid orange, and looked somewhat like a rose that hadn't fully bloomed when I first picked it. Any sort of help or even just a point in the right general direction would be appreciated, I can't find anything about these little guys!
    Answer
    Dear smolbeau, I can try to assist you, but without knowing what region of the world these images were taken in, I can only offer educated guesses. There are upwards of 500,000 species of plants in the world and knowing the general location helps to narrow down the possible choices. The one on the left looks like Lysimachia arvensis (synonym: Anagallis arvensis), called scarlet pimpernel. The one of the right appears to be a species of Veronica, called speedwell. I can't tell you which one because there are a number of species and we would need leaves, stems, and inflorescences to determine exactly which one. Note the upper petal is larger than the lower petal, a characteristic of this genus. I hope this is helpful.
  • Question
    We saw this tree in NY on vacation peppered in the state parks near rivers in NJ & NY and in yards and along roadsides. We first noticed it in Ringwood New Kersey State Park and then in Barcelona, NY. It had a large, whitish-pink, cup-shaped flower pointing upward at tip of branches. It was not leafed out at all and the bark did not seem flaky but ridged. It was at least 60 feet tall with a very straight trunk. I am from Kansas and have never seen a tree like this. What is it?
    Answer
    Dear coleenb@lovetrees, you have photographed the remnant fruits on Liriodendron tulipifera (tuliptree), a member of the Magnolia Family. This is a large tree that is native to areas you were travelling in.
  • Question
    I found Conopholis americana but I live in southern WV does it still qualify for your site?
    Answer
    Dear pAMOLA, good morning. Beautiful find and thank you for sharing your plant. You are welcome to share this plant on the site. While Go Botany is a website dedicated to wild plants of New England, feel free to post the image and share with other plant enthusiasts. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello, a friend gave to me this plant, I don't know how is called, I'm trying to make her bonsai. Please can you tell me the name, and if I can realise a bonsai with her. Regards
    Answer
    Dear gerilula, good morning. I'm sorry I cannot provide you an answer to your question. Go Botany is a website dedicated to wild plants of New England. While all plant-related questions will be entertained, cultivated plants can hail from all over the world and be outside the realm of expertise cultivated here. I hope you are able to find an answer to your question.
  • Question
    Hi, I was wondering, are there any plants that when damaged will/can grow back stronger?
    Answer
    Meepy, good morning. Your question is a little too broad to be able to give you an answer. It would depend on the species, the kind of damage it experiences, and even the time of year the damage happens. Many plants are quite capable of healing back from damage to their aerial and subterranean organs, so long as that damage does not overwhelm their systems. If you have more specific areas of interest with regard to this question, I can try to help further. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello, this is a plant which is photographed in Croatia, it grows at the slopes of Dinara mountain. Can you indentify it? It flowers in mid-May. Sincerely, Simon
    Answer
    Dear Simon, you have photographed a species of Saxifraga (saxifrage). It appears to be Saxifraga paniculata (white mountain saxifrage), a species that has lime-encrusted pores near the apex of each tooth on the basal leaves). Beautiful images--thank you for sharing.
  • Question
    I found this image on gobotany, described as Galium labradoricum. (This isn't my photo. It is attributed to Donald Cameron.) I am curious about the pink flowers (fruits) in this image. I've seen white variations in nature of flowers that are typically red, but not the other way around. Terry Serres
    Answer
    Dear botanybear, the petals of Galium labradoricum are usually white and are in all individuals I've ever seen. The ovaries do turn red in several species (including this one). They mature from green to red as the season progresses. While I cannot see for certain, I suspect the red structures you see in the image are in fact the ovaries and not the petals. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Thank you for your response. The ligule is at most .5 mm, but is membranous. The photos are not great, but the best I can do. I checked at the Connell Herbarium and none of the Juncus tenuis there had leaves and flowering stalks so narrow (< 0.5 mm). I greatly appreciate your assistance.
    Answer
    Dear Apohaqui2810, There are a few other species in the Juncus tenuis complex that share morphological similarity with that species. Juncus anthelatus is a taller plant with short capsules and long internodes in the inflorescence (it too has long, scarious auricles like J. tenuis). Both J. dudleyi and J. dichotomous have short, firm auricles. The former is a species of high pH rivershore ledges and gravels (most of the time) with yellow, cartilaginous auricles. The latter is a plant of varied habitats with usually green or pale, membranceous auricles. Its leaves are 0.5-1 mm wide--this may well be the species you've collected. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I am very new to farming. I have Indole-3-Acetic Acid (IAA) and Gibberellic Acid (GA3) and I am going to be using it on pole beans but I dont know how to use it. Can you let me know how to use IAA and GA3. Can you please be specific on the quantity and keep the answer simple because I am new to farming.
    Answer
    Dear hitanshu, good afternoon. Neither of these chemicals is required for growing pole beans. I'm not sure what your ultimate goals are. You might want to contact an organization that specializes in the use of such chemicals for growing cultivated species (Go Botany is a website dedicated to wild plants of the northeastern portion of North America). I hope you find the answers your are seeking.
  • Question
    Many thanks for your suggestion of Sporobolus cryptandrus. While it does not seem to be a perfect fit, the location is one that I can return to this summer and hopefully find the plant in flower or seed. If you are correct, it would be a new record for New Brunswick. Thank you for sharing your time and expertise!
    Answer
    You're most welcome. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Found in tolerant hardwoods along X country ski trail, 25 km west of Fredericton NB. Most capsules had been invaded and seeds eaten. One capsule survived and had tailless seeds. Continues to key out to Juncus tenuis, but plant seems too fine. Leaves <0.5 mm wide, flat to inrolled, non-septate. Some flowers single, others in groups of 2-3. Is this just a fine J. tenuis? Thank you.
    Answer
    Dear Apohaqui2810, I would not be able to distinguish Juncus tenuis (which this looks very much like) from J. dichotomous from the images provided. You will need to examine the ligules to determine which species it is. Juncus tenuis has elongate, scarious ligules vs. short and firm in J. dichotomous. If you need help, try to upload a close-up image of the area where the leaf sheath meets the leaf blade and I can try to assist. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello, thanks for answering my last question! This wildflower was photographed last year in VT on June 8th. It was found at the edge of a pasture (that isn’t grazed much) near a wooded area. I'm not sure how tall it was, but I'd guess a little over a foot. What kind of aster is it? I can't seem to find any asters like it that bloom in the spring here. Thanks again for your help!!
    Answer
    Dear BirdNuts, your plant is Erigeron pulchellus (Robin's plantain fleabane). While related to our American asters, it resides in a separate genus. This is a common, summer-flowering species in New England that grows usually in open areas. Best wishes.
  • Question
    This non-fertile grass was growing in close association with Panicum acuminatum along a cross-country ski trail margin going through a young tolerant hardwoods. It was hoped the incredibly long, thin leaves (<2 mm wide, 15-28 cm long) should be definitive. Location is just west of Fredericton NB. Any help would be appreciated.
    Answer
    Dear Apohaqui2810, while I can't be certain without reproductive material, the pubescent at the summit of the leaf sheaths and the morphology of the leaf sheaths themselves suggests Sporobolus cryptandrus. I would start there with your study and see if you can confirm this. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Does anyone know what this plant is? My dad said it is a weed. Before I pull it up, I want to make sure.
    Answer
    Dear rwilliams85, I do not recognize this plant. Unfortunately, TN is a long way from the New England region and you have a great many plants which do not grow this far north. I suggest you contact a local herbarium in your region that would have a good understanding of the local flora. If you need help finding an institution, I can help with this. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Can you identify this plant that we found on a hike in middle Tennessee yesterday?
    Answer
    Dear AmandaD, good morning. You have collected a species of Trillium (wake-robin). These plants will have a single flower with three sepals and three colored petals. I do not know which species you have collected without seeing an open flower. However, hopefully knowing the genus will get you started with your study of this plant. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hi, I got a lavender - I mean this is what I thought it was - but it grows a bit weird. I have not found a picture of a similar one. Any ideas? Thanks! Karolina
    Answer
    Dear ovisammon, I'm sorry that I cannot help you with your request. Go Botany is a website dedicated to wild-growing plants of New England. While we are happy to entertain all plant-related questions, some topics, especially identification of cultivated plants, can be outside of our knowledge base. These plants can originate from many parts of the world that are quite distant to our region of expertise. I hope you are able to find the answer you are seeking. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hi, came across this fruit/flower in the Malaysian tropical jungle. Can anyone tell me what this is? Poisonous or not? Thanks. Cheers, Monica
    Answer
    Dear Monica, I'm sorry that I will not be able to assist you. Go Botany is a resource dedicated to wild plants of northeastern North America. While we are happy to entertain all questions related to plants, some are outside of our regional expertise. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I've been trying to identify this plant for a while now , it is a potted plant I got as a present so the location where it grows natively I'm not sure of.
    Answer
    Dear hillary_17, there is no image associated with your post. Without an image, it will be impossible for me to help you. If you are having trouble posting images, please feel free to email them to me at ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I can try to help you.
  • Question
    Hello, I have been struggling to identify this flower I photographed in September almost 6 years ago. I think I found it in the driest area of my yard in VT. I do not have photos of the leaves. I don't remember much about the plant other than that it was very low to the ground and tiny (but its growth could have been stunted because it was in the middle of our mowed lawn). Here is a link to my photo: https://c1.staticflickr.com/3/2861/33169588901_fcc5b9c022_c.jpg Thanks for your help!
    Answer
    Dear BirdNuts, your plant is Polygala sanguinea (blood milkwort), a native member of the milkwort family. These small plants generally grown in open areas without much competition from other plants, such as lawns, old roadbeds, clearings, roadsides, etc. Beautiful image (thank you for sharing it).
  • Question
    Hello, I have no idea what region my plant could be found, but I have determined that it must be a eudicot because it has 5 petals on the flower. Also I think it must live in an arid region because the leaves are very thick and seem to be used for water storage.
    Answer
    Dear deesoule, I'm sorry I cannot help you with your image. Go Botany is a website dedicated to wild plants of New England. While we are happy to entertain all questions related to plants, some cultivated species are not known to us. Your plant is a eudicot, as you noted, given the corolla and leaf morphology. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Can you please identify this plant for me It was found on my farm in east texas Curtis
    Answer
    Dear ccol45, your plant appears to be a species of palmetto (genus Sabal). It could be Sabal minor (dwarf palmetto). Best wishes.
  • Question
    Is there any blue pine trees grown in round shape, not in cone shape?
    Answer
    Dear xiaoxuan1202, there are several things that affect the shape of a tree, including the species, where it grows, and whether or not it is pruned to a shape. For example, if trees grow in the open sun, they take on a more rounded shape than if they are grown in a forested setting and are placing energy into height to compete for sunlight. Of course, trees and shrubs can be pruned to take on certain shapes. I hope this is helpful.
  • Question
    i saw this plant in a nursery in FtLauderdale and it was growing in a large terrarium it didnt have any flowers just beautiful pink leaves . The leaves looked like coleus leaf but larger and pink , please help , Thank You !
    Answer
    Dear olman, there is no image associated with your question. If you are having trouble posting images, feel free to send them to ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I can try to help you. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Can you help identify this mustard found in Brookfield, CT? It is very large (~4ft) in upland areas.
    Answer
    Dear KDC, good morning. The plant you've pictured is, as best I can tell from the photographs, Brassica nigra (black mustard). This is an infrequent introduction in New England that can be common in some areas, especially in disturbed sites and along river banks. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hi, thank you for the answer to the last question! This herbaceous plant was found in a forested wetland in June. This plant was located in Southeastern Connecticut. The plant was less than a 1 foot in height.
    Answer
    Deer eehrlich, your plant is Caltha palustris (marsh-marigold), a native member of the crowfoot family. These are the fruits, which will open by one suture to release the seeds. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello. I found this growing in my hoop house in RI. I know the picture isn't great. It's Definitley in the mint family as it has a square stem. Could it be heal all?
    Answer
    Dear NNEL, Your plant is indeed a member of the mint family (Lamiaceae). Although, it is worth mentioning that there are other families of plants with square stems. The plant pictured is a species of Lamium (henbit). It is likely Lamium purpureum (purple henbit). Best wishes.
  • Question
    I'm from India, but my question is just general. Why does beetroot have rings on it when cut horizontally?
    Answer
    Dear vinay, the concentric rings you refer to are bands of vascular tissue alternating with parenchyma. Parenchyma is one of the most common types of tissue in plants and makes up the bulk of softer, non-woody material. Best wishes.
  • Question
    This shrub was located along a dirt road in Jackman, Maine. The road bordered a alder wetland. The shrub was approximately 5 feet in height. These "cones?" were present at the end of each branch. These shrubs seemed to be numerous in the area. The buds were small and pointed. The terminal "cone" was new to me. Thanks!
    Answer
    Deer eehrlich, these are galls made by an insect on the tips of branchlets of Salix (willow). These are most commonly found on Salix discolor (pussy willow), but may be on other species. This one in particular is called pine cone willow gall and is created by a species of midge. Best wishes.
  • Question
    From a coastal island in New Brunswick, near Maine. Polygonum buxiforme? Achenes are 2.7 mm long, and the pattern on the achene surface is arranged in somewhat longitudinal rows, not sure if this is striate-papillose. Pouch-like swelling is not at base of tepals, but at base of their distinct portion. Tepals are >3 mm long, plants were prostrate on shore.
    Answer
    Thokozile, the best match I can see for this plant is Polygonum buxiforme. The tepal morphology looks like a good fit, as does the shape of the achene. Polygonum fowleri, another common species in saline/brackish environments has a very different achene (both in terms of its shape and surface pattern). Thanks for sharing the great images. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello, I found this very pretty flower tattoo but I cannot identify or find the name of the flower. If there is any way you can identify it, that would be wonderful. Thank you so much.
    Answer
    Dear Caassiiee, as is often the case, tattooed flowers are not exact matches for any flower that is grown or occurs in the wild. However, your image is relatively close to the genus Myosotis (called forget-me-not), a group with wild and cultivated species. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hi, I saw this plant in Tate Georgia today, it was obviously planted and not native but I cannot find any information on it and I am very interested to know more about it. If you can give me a clue I would be thrilled! Thank you
    Answer
    Dear Rachrose98, there is no image associated with your question. Without one (or more), I won't be able to help. If you are having trouble uploading images, feel free to email them to me at ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org and I can try to assist you. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello, I have no idea what region my plant might live, but I have decided that it is a eudicot because it has flowers with 5 petals. It may live in an arid region because the leaves are very thick.
    Answer
    Dear deesoule, There is no image associated with your question. If you are having a difficult time uploading images, feel free to email them to "ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org", and I can try to help you with your request.
  • Question
    This plant was observed 2/1/17 in Southborough, MA in a roadside wetland/stream. As shown in the habitat picture, these plants were the only green vegetation in the area. Plants were rooted in soft sediment and extended 6-10 in above the water surface. The plants were very healthy and vibrant green when picked, but have deteriorated slightly since being indoors. The largest leaves are approx. 8 cm long and 3-4 cm at their widest point. Any ID assistance would be greatly appreciated!
    Answer
    Joy, good morning. I'm not sure what species this plant is, though it reminds me of a species of willow-herb (genus Epilobium). It could be Epilobium ciliatum or E. coloratum, though I do not often see that plant grow in such a dense colony. I will share your image with some other botanists to see if we can find a confident identification. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Thank you so much for your answer, it is very helpful, and thank you for this amazing resource! I've found a dozen native plants I can use instead of imported & potentially disruptive ones.
    Answer
    Dear conormac, thanks for your kind words. I'm very happy to read that this site is serving you well. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Can you help identifying this plant please sir it was found on my land in south east texas Curtis
    Answer
    Dear ccol45, good morning. I'm sorry but there is no image associated with your question. Without an image, it will be impossible for me to assist. If you are having trouble uploading an image, feel free to email one to ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org . I will do what I can to assist.
  • Question
    I found this a couple of weeks ago growing in a wooded area in RI? Can you help id. Thanks
    Answer
    Dear NNEL, there are several species this could be, but please examine images of Packera obovate (running groundsel). This species forms small colonies of basal leaves in forests and woodlands, especially rocky types. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello! I wonder if you have any suggestions as to what this could be. It's low-growing (I think only basal leaves are present) and spreads vigorously, it's bright green and appears in October and is cheerful and robust through springtime, when the bayberry it lives under leafs out. I've observed it for two years and have not identified a flower or seed. It's in a sunny dry location in Providence, RI. Bayberry leaves for scale. I'd like to know if it's native or at least benign!
    Answer
    Dear conormac, I can't help you with confidence with this plant. There are several species these small, winter-green basal leaves could below to. Given the setting, you might consider looking into various species of Geranium that this might be. Sorry I can't be of more assistance.
  • Question
    Hi, Found what I believe to be a species of sedge. The photo is dated back in January in Groton, Connecticut. The Plant is still green and smooth. The leaf blade was approximately one half inch in diameter and 9-12 inches in length. The plant was clumped and located in a "floodplain" area along a large stream. The area is wet during parts of the year but flooding only occurs every 10 years. The surrounding forest composition is mostly oak, beech, hornbeam and red maple and Clethra. Thanks
    Answer
    Dear eehrlich, beautiful images, but I cannot tell which species. There are several members of the genus Carex this could be, which have the distinctive M-shaped leaf blades in cross-section due to the prominent lateral nerves that are as evident (or more so) than the mid-nerve. If you are able to find remnant fruits or can find an this plant next growing season, I would be happy to help out. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello, This is a picture of a flower taken in Mauritius in January this year (summer there). It was in the forest, mostly humid region
    Answer
    Dear Dina, I would love to be able to help you with this interesting plant you have shared an image of. However, land in the Indian Ocean is well outside my range of expertise. Go Botany is a website dedicated to wild plants of northeastern North America. If you need help finding an herbarium to direct questions to, let me know and I can help.
  • Question
    This plant comes from Corfu Arillas not far from the sea about 1 mile the hight is 6-8 inches spreads This one has , a sort of green gooseberry type fruit When ripe the berry can pop and the "sap" is said to be poisonous. the leaves are hairy can you help to identify this plant please
    Answer
    Dear ARILLASKEV, I would love to be able to help you with this interesting plant you have shared an image of. However, Greece is well outside my range of expertise. Go Botany is a website dedicated to wild plants of northeastern North America. If you need help finding an herbarium to direct questions to, let me know and I can help.
  • Question
    Many thanks for your response. In comparing my specimen with herbarium specimens of Hylotelephium telephium I think you are 100% correct. I will look for tubers next time I see this species. With appreciation
    Answer
    Apohaqui2810, good morning. I'm glad to be of help and also happy it looks like we found a good match for your specimen. Be well.
  • Question
    Plant found on west side of Frye Is., coastal NB., 12 miles east of Maine. 10' in from the coast in open coniferous stand growning up around an old mining exploration site. No flowers present. Underleaf has little small sessile red glands. Small cluster of light orange glands at the base of the plant. Fresh leaf was succulent, now dried, it is semi-transparent (one can see the glands through the upper leaf surface. Leaves opposite with mostly entire margin. Any help would be appreciated.
    Answer
    Dear Apohaqui2810, good afternoon. I can't be certain of what species you have, but it looks like seedlings of Hylotelephium telephium (purple orpine, formerly called Sedum purpureum). If you get a chance to return, this species would have narrow, pale, carrot-shaped tubers underground--which would help confirm the identification. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I think this is Suaeda maritima. From a coastal sand beach in Washington County, Maine. Sepals are rounded, without keels. This must be ssp. maritima because utricles are 1.7 mm long and longest (dried) leaves are >20 mm long. Is the red color of utricles diagnostic?
    Answer
    Dear thokozile, It does look like you have collected Suaeda maritime subsp. maritma. The color of the fruit is, in my experience, a function of the maturity. They will darken more when collected later in the season. Beautiful images--thank you for sharing and I hope you are well.
  • Question
    Hello, I just want a clear explanation of blackberry roots, are they deep rooted? What type of root it has. I got different info on line, so I need to clarify it. Thanks for the help in Advance.
    Answer
    Dear guiroyaby, here is a little information from the horticulture department: "Blackbery roots usually don't go very deeply in the soil, but the plants can be tough to dig in the summer when they are azctively growing. Plants are easy to pop out in early spring when dormant or before they start really growing, and in fact you should always dig them and plant them when they are dormant – planting in active growth or leaf sets the plants back."
  • Question
    Hi, I think I have finally found a ground cover that I often see in the woods around eastern Ma -- goes by several names such as vinca minor, periwinkle... I like the variety that spreads rapidly and that can tolerate a dog running over it. At last, an alternative to failed attempts to grow grass. Part sun, part shade. Any suggestions on where to buy it or virtues of particular varieties. This is all part of my campaign to make my yard more forested! Thanks so much! Acidic soil?
    Answer
    Dear ecahan, I can appreciate your interest in Vinca minor, given it does such a nice job with covering the ground. However, it is non-native and can be aggressive, sometimes leaving the cultivated setting. The Horticultural Department has suggested some native species that could work in your situation. These include: Maianthemum canadense will tolerate traffic, shade, and acid soils. Carex pensylvanica will tolerate some foot traffic, shade and acid. Other options that might not be as happy with constant trampling: Tiarella cordifolia, Asarum canadense, and Vaccinium angustifolium. I hope you find this information useful.
  • Question
    A broken red oak (I think) tree branch had many of these scary things on it. Are they some kind of gall? These pictures were taken on December 23, 2016, in the woods in Windsor, CT.
    Answer
    Dear David, these look to be gouty/horned oak galls that occur on the branches of species of Quercus. They are caused by species of Cynipid wasps. Thank you for sharing these images--I don't see these galls often. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I took this picture on October 7, 2016 in a forest on a basalt ridge in Berlin, CT. The plant grew in a thick patch, about eight feet across.
    Answer
    Dear David, your plant is likely Packera obovate (running groundsel). This native member of the composite family forms colonies of basal leaves like this when it is not in flower. If you get a chance to return, it should produce leafy stems with yellow flower heads at the summit. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hi everybody Could you help me to identify this plant? It looks like Echium vulgare (viper's bugloss) but its flowers are yellow.
    Answer
    Aydin, good morning. In order to help you, I would need to know where this plant was photographed. There are over 320,000 species of plants in the world, and the location is very important for narrowing down those choices. If you would provide this information to ahaines[at]newenglandwild.org, I will try to help you. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Can someone identify this? It was growing in pots with Aloe Vera.
    Answer
    Dear Ginababy, I do not know for certain what species of plant is growing in the pot you have photographed. It may be a species of Kalanchoe (which also go by the common name kalanchoe). There are many species in this primiarly Old World genus, with a lot of variation between the morphology. Sorry I cannot help further. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Lot's of these in the woods. They appear to be evergreen. Maybe Rubus dalibarda, also known as dewdrop? But Rubus dalibarda is supposed to be rare in Connecticut, and I think I see lots of these. Or how about Viola renifolia, also known as Gray kidney-leaved violet? Links to Google Photos are convenient for me, but maybe you need uploaded images, so I'll try that too. These were next to a fence with woods on one side and a farm on the other side,. https://goo.gl/photos/jhrkBEYz3czomrzG7
    Answer
    Dear David, the plant you have photographed is Alliaria petiolata (garlic-mustard), a non-native and often invasive plant that originated from the Old World. This species is quite common in southern New England and can be found in a variety of primarily forested settings. Best wishes.
  • Question
    I saw this summer a nice stand of rose gentian, Sabatia kennedyana, in Plymouth. Do you know of a reliable seed source for this plant?
    Answer
    Abbeyrose, I'm sorry, I do not. Sabtia kennedyana is a wonderful plant and I can understand why you would want to cultivate it. Members of the Gentianaceae have some difficulties with seed germination that may be limiting their use in the horticulture industry. Best wishes.
  • Question
    If the blackberry is burned,will the roots live and allows germination of blackberries?
    Answer
    Dear guiroyaby, yes, but it would depend on the intensity of the fire. A very hot fire that harmed the underground organs would be capable of killing the plants. However, light fires that removed competition and did not penetrate deep into the ground could be useful for this species. It could also allow space and light for the germination of seed-banked fruits of blackberry. Best wishes.
  • Question
    Hello, my name is Jesse. Next to my driveway, I have four small trees/bushes that grow. I know that two of them are rhododendrons but I'm having trouble identifying the other two. They resemble that of a sweet bay or schip laurel, yet when I look closely at the leaves of my trees/bushes, they look apart from those particular trees/bushes. Also, I live in the Connecticut River Valley [in CT] and I've learned that plants such as Sweet Bays are unable to survive our colder winters.
    Answer
    Dear Artazt, your plant appears to be Ilex glabra (evergreen winterberry). This is a native shrub to the northeast that is also found in the horticultural trade. It will have black berries on the carpellate (i.e., fruit-berring) plants. Best wishes.
  • Question
    20 years ago I was working in Falmouth and my boss gave me a cool plant cutting (it was 4' long at the time). I really doubt it's from Cape Cod, but so far nobody has identified it, and every 5-6 years the lower leaves yellow, it gets too long and I have to cut the stalks. Any thoughts???!! I need to understand how to keep this beauty alive and well.
    Answer
    Dear Scottuhc, your plants looks like a species of Dieffenbachia, a group of plants native (primarily) to South America. These species belong to the Araceae (arum family). Good luck with your care of this plant!