Botrychium campestre W.H. Wagner & Farrar

prairie moonwort

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New England Distribution

Adapted from BONAP data

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North America Distribution

Adapted from BONAP data

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Facts About

Prairie moonwort is rare and occurs in the Great Plains and northern Michigan, as well as New England, where it is confined to southwestern Vermont in meadows, quarries and grass-covered roadsides. It occurs with the closely-related upswept moonwort (Botrychium ascendens).

Habitat

Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), forest edges, meadows and fields

Characteristics

Habitat
terrestrial
New England state
Vermont
Show All Characteristics
  • Leaves
    Features of leaves
    there are no special features on the leaves
  • Place
    Habitat
    terrestrial
    New England state
    Vermont
    Specific habitat
    • edges of forests
    • man-made or disturbed habitats
    • meadows or fields

Wetland Status

Not classified

New England Distribution and Conservation Status

Distribution

Connecticut
absent
Maine
absent
Massachusetts
absent
New Hampshire
absent
Rhode Island
absent
Vermont
present

Conservation Status

Exact status definitions can vary from state to state. For details, please check with your state.

Vermont
extremely rare (S-rank: S1)

Native to North America?

Yes

Sometimes Confused With

Botrychium minganense:
vegetative portion of leaf conspicuously stalked, with the stalk equal to or greater than the distance between the first and second pair of leaflets, and reproductive portion of leaf on a long stalk that is often longer than vegetative portion (vs. B. campestre, with the vegetative portion of the leaf short-stalked, the stalk usually shorter the distance between the first and second pair of leaflets, and reproductive portion of leaf on a long stalk that is mostly shorter than 0.25 times as long as the vegetative portion).
Botrychium ascendens:
rachis of vegetative portion of leaf often relatively narrow, up to 0.25 times as broad as the entire portion, and stalk of reproductive portion of leaf mostly 0.25-0.5 times as long as the vegetative portion of leaf (vs. B. campestre, with the rachis of vegetative portion of leaf often relatively broad, up to 0.35 times as broad as the entire portion, and stalk of reproductive portion of leaf shorter than 0.25 times as long as the vegetative portion of leaf).

Genus

Botrychium

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Information from Dichotomous Key of Flora Novae Angliae

3.  Botrychium campestre W.H. Wagner & Farrar NC

prairie moonwort. VT; southwestern portion of state. Meadows, open quarries, grassy roadsides. This species sporulates ca. 10–15 days earlier than Botrychium ascendens when both species occur at the same site.