Cyperus diandrus Torr.

umbrella flatsedge

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New England Distribution

Adapted from BONAP data

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North America Distribution

Adapted from BONAP data

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Facts About

Umbrella flatsedge is found on moist to wet, sandy or peaty shorelines throughout New England. Its spikes are distinctive for the fact that the scales are outlined in a rust-colored pigment, but the interior part of the scale is not colored. This gives the spikes a herringbone quality.

Habitat

Shores of rivers or lakes, wetland margins (edges of wetlands)

Characteristics

Habitat
wetlands
New England state
  • Connecticut
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • New Hampshire
  • Rhode Island
  • Vermont
Stem shape in cross-section
the stem is roughly triangular in cross-section
Leaf blade width
1.5–3 mm
Leaf blade cross-section
the leaf blade is flat or rolled in at the edges
Inflorescence position
the inflorescence is at the tip of the plant
Inflorescence branching
the inflorescence is branched
Fruit type (general)
the fruit is like a seed, and surrounded by scales
Fruit length
1–1.2 mm
Leaf position on plant
the attachment points of all the leaves are at or near the base of the plant
Perianth composition
there is no perianth on the plant
Fruit cross-section
the fruit is lenticular (lens-shaped) in cross-section
Show All Characteristics
  • Flowers
    Anther length
    0.3–0.4 mm
    Floral bristle color
    NA
    Floral bristle number
    0
    Floral bristle relative length
    NA
    Floral bristles
    NA
    Floral scale hairs
    there are no hairs on the floral scales
    Floral scale length
    2.5–3 mm
    Floral scale nerves
    2-5
    Floral scale shape
    • the floral scales are oblong (rectangular but with rounded ends)
    • the floral scales are ovate (roughly egg-shaped)
    Floral scale translucent
    the floral scales are opaque
    Flower number per cluster
    5-20
    Inflorescence bract angle
    the bracts are angled outwards near horizontal or reflexed downwards
    Inflorescence bract number
    there are two to five bracts per inflorescence
    Inflorescence bract position (Sparganium)
    NA
    Inflorescence bracts
    there are at least two bracts, and they are either flat or folded or rolled in at the edges
    Inflorescence branching
    the inflorescence is branched
    Inflorescence crowding
    the inflorescence is at least somewhat spread out, with at least one branch coming from the main stem
    Inflorescence position
    the inflorescence is at the tip of the plant
    Inflorescence shape
    the aggregations within the inflorescence are at least somewhat flattened in cross-section
    Inflorescence type
    there are two or more flowers, spikes or flower clusters on a branched inflorescence
    Perianth composition
    there is no perianth on the plant
    Stamen number
    • 2
    • 3
    Stigma number
    2
    Style division
    the style is divided nearly from the base
    floral bristle barbs
    NA
    plantlets budding at flower bases
    no
  • Fruits or seeds
    Achene beak length
    0 mm
    Achene surface texture
    the achene has very tiny pits or depressions on it
    Achene tubercle relative width
    NA
    Achene tubercle width
    0 mm
    Capsule relative length
    NA
    Fruit cross-section
    the fruit is lenticular (lens-shaped) in cross-section
    Fruit length
    1–1.2 mm
    Fruit type (general)
    the fruit is like a seed, and surrounded by scales
    Fruit type (specific)
    the fruit is an achene (dry, seed-like fruit) without a tubercle (a swelling or projection, usually of a different color or texture)
    Locules in capsule
    NA
    Seed length
    0 mm
    Seed tail relative length
    0 mm
    Seed tails
    NA
    Tubercle height
    0 mm
  • Growth form
    Lifespan
    the plant lives only a single year or less
    Underground organs
    there are only slender roots on the plant
  • Leaves
    Auricle length
    0 mm
    Auricle texture
    NA
    Auricles
    there are no auricles on the leaf sheath
    Leaf blade cross-section
    the leaf blade is flat or rolled in at the edges
    Leaf blade length
    50–200 mm
    Leaf blade width
    1.5–3 mm
    Leaf form
    all the leaves hold their form out of water
    Leaf position on plant
    the attachment points of all the leaves are at or near the base of the plant
    Leaf septa
    the leaf blades do not have transverse septa
    Leaf sheath hairs
    the leaf sheathes are without hairs
    Pedicel length (Typha)
    0 mm
    Stem leaf blade ligules
    there are no ligules at the leaf blade bases
    Stem leaf blades
    there are fully-developed leaves with leaf blades on the main stem
    Width of seed-producing inflorescence
    12–22 mm
  • Place
    Habitat
    wetlands
    New England state
    • Connecticut
    • Maine
    • Massachusetts
    • New Hampshire
    • Rhode Island
    • Vermont
    Specific habitat
    • edges of wetlands
    • shores of rivers or lakes
  • Stem, shoot, branch
    Plant height
    4–35 cm
    Stem shape in cross-section
    the stem is roughly triangular in cross-section
    Stem texture near tip
    the stem feels smooth near the tip

Wetland Status

Occurs only in wetlands. (Wetland indicator code: OBL)

New England Distribution and Conservation Status

Distribution

Connecticut
present
Maine
present
Massachusetts
present
New Hampshire
present
Rhode Island
present
Vermont
present

Conservation Status

Exact status definitions can vary from state to state. For details, please check with your state.

Massachusetts
unranked (S-rank: SNR)
Vermont
extremely rare (S-rank: S1), endangered (code: E)

Native to North America?

Yes

Sometimes Confused With

Cyperus flavescens:
achenes broad-obovate to nearly suborbicular in outline, minutely marked with elongate, superficial cells and irregular, pale transverse lines at maturity, and floral scales broad-ovate (vs. C. diandrus, with achenes narrow-obovate to oblong in outline, unmarked, and floral scales narrow-oblong to ovate).
Cyperus bipartitus:
floral scales with anthocyanic pigments most prominent in basal and medial portion, fading toward apex, the pigmented region not outlining a conspicuous pale region on each side of the scale, and style connate in the basal 1/3 (vs. C. diandrus, with floral scales with anthocyanic pigments most prominent along medial and apical margin and along upper edges of midribs, with a conspicuous pale area between the midrib and margin, and style divided nearly to its base).

Synonyms

  • Pycreus diander (Torr.) C.B. Clarke

Family

Cyperaceae

Genus

Cyperus

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Information from Dichotomous Key of Flora Novae Angliae

4.  Cyperus diandrus Torr. N

umbrella flatsedge. Pycreus diander (Torr.) C.B. Clarke • CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Moist to wet, usually sandy or peaty, shorelines.